Ahmad Shah Abdali (Urdu,history)


Advertisements

5 thoughts on “Ahmad Shah Abdali (Urdu,history)”

  1. Victory Against Persians in 1751 and 1770

    Consequently, Mir Naseer Khan and the Army of Baloch participated with Ahmad Shah Abdali of Afghanistan in several expeditions and in some expeditions Naseer Khan was himself in command of the joint forces. His bold and victorious steering of the Battle of Nishapur and Mashhad in iran against the Persians in particular with his 6,000 Baloch forces in 1751 and 1770,so greatly impressed Ahmad Shah that He hugged Naseer Khan and gave him the title of Brather-e`-Wafadar(the faithful brother),

    Defeat of Afghan King Ahmad Shah Abdali and Treaty of Kalat in 1758

    Mir Noori Naseer Khan was in an Alliance with Ahmad Shah Durrani from 1749 to 1757 but he declared himself independent and broke the alliance with Afghans in 1758 as Ahmad Shah started interfering in the internal affairs of Balochistan Ahmad Shah Abdali tried every means of reconciliation to induce him to return to his alliance and agree to pay his usual tribute but Mir Naseer Khan treated the advance of Ahmed Shah with contempt and sent to him in reply a register of the Baloch army which exhibited an aggregate of two hundred thousand armed men ready to take up arms against him and Naseer Khan Baloch also told Ahmad Shah don’t interfere in my internal affairs for the next time. left with no alternative Ahmed Shah had to dispatch an army against Naseer Khan Baloch under the command of his prime minister Shah Wali Khan Mir Naseer Khan was not frightened at the approach of the Afghan army he levied his troops and as soon as he was informed of the arrival of shah wali khan he issued forth from Mastung to meet him the battle was fought near Pedangabad Mastung, the troops of Shah Wali were defeated by Noori Naseer Khan and forced to retire to a distance of thirty miles from the field of action. hearing the news of defeat Ahmad Shah Durrani came with a huge army of Afghan and non Afghan tribes and defeated Noori Naseer Khan in Mastung District Naseer Khan retreated in all haste to his stronger position in Kalat where Mir Noori Naseer Khan Baloch Defeated Ahmad Shah Abdali after which the treaty of Kalat was signed between both countries in Kalat in 1758 A.D. The main points of the treaty were following:-

    1) Khan- E -Baloch, Mir Naseer Khan Baloch will not pay any tribute to Shah-e-Afghan in the future

    2) Khan- E -Baloch will not supply San (Military assistance) to Ahmed Shah Durrani. But provided he is at war against external enemies, the Khan will supply a military contingent as a token of help, on the condition that the Afghan King provide annually Rs. 100,000 and military weapons and provide for the expenditure of the army as rewards

    3) Khan- E -Baloch will not provide any help or asylum to rebel princes of the Sadozai or Afghan Chiefs. On the other hand, the Afghan King also will not give any help or refuge to prince of the Royal Baloch family of Kalat- E -Ahmedzai

    4) Shah-e-Afghan in future will never interfere in the internal affairs, disputes and matters of Balochistan

    5) all those areas of Khan- E -Baloch, which are in the possession of Shah-e-Afghan will be handed over today to Khan- E -Baloch

    “To make the treaty more binding Ahmed Shah Abdali married a cousin of Mir Noori Naseer Khan Baloch” After the treaty of kalat Mir Naseer Khan accompanied the afghan army to india on each of Ahmad Shah’s invasions. Baloch cavalry had played a major role in Ahmad Shah’s army, notably in 1751, 1761, 1765 and the successive invasions of india.

    Third Battle of Panipat in 1761

    Similarly, it was Mir Naseer Khan again who, with his army of 25,000 Baloch, came to the help of Ahmed Shah Abdali at the famous Battle of Panipat (1761). It was this combination of outstanding military valor and fighting skill which crushed once and for all the rising Maratha menace in Northern India.

    Victory Against the Sikhs in 1765

    The Sikhs had formed themselves into a force to be reckoned with as early as 1710,when they made their first incursions into the Upper Doab under Banda-a nondescript follower of Guru Govind Singh. They had sacked Sharanpur, Ambehtan and Nanavath in the Upper Doab; but moved no further till after the Third Battle of Panipat in 1761, when they once again resumed their infiltrations deeper into the region, finally capturing Lahore in 1764, where they established their short-lived Khalsa State extending from Jhelum to the banks of Jamuna.

    It was then that they rose against the Muslims, whose condition was getting progressively weaker due to the onset of the general decline of the Moghul Empire. Sensing danger to the cause of Islam, Ahmed Shah Durrani call for Jehad(religious war) against the Sikh and also sent a massage to Mir Naseer Khan to join him Khan-e-Baloch Mir Naseer Khan, responded readily to it, the latter’s contribution being a contingent of fifteen thousand Baloch warriors headed by himself in the front.

    Reference

    1. Akhund Muhammad Siddiqui,1984, Akhbar-ul-Abrar, (Tarikh-e-Khawanin-e-Kalat), Translated by: Mir Gul Khan Naseer, Nisa Traders, Quetta
    2. Baloch, Inayatullah,1987, The Problem of Greater Balochistan, GMBH, Stuttgart, Germany
    3. Dames, Long Wroth, 1988, Popular Poetry of Baloches, Balochi Academy, Quetta
    4. Dehwar, Muhammad Saeed, 1990, Tarikh-e-Balochistan, Nisa Traders, Quetta
    5. Durrani. Ashiq Muhammad Khan, Prof. Dr. 1999, Tarikh-e-Afghansitan, Sang-e-Meel Publications, Lahore
    6. Elphinstone, Mont Stuart, 1990, 2nd Edition, The Kingdom of Caboul, Vol-II, Gosha-e-Adab, Quetta
    7. Ganda Singh, Ahmed Shah Durrani, 1990, Gosha-e-Adab, Quetta
    8. Ganjabvi, Noor Mohammad, 1990 Jang Nama, Tohfatul-Naseer, Pakistan Study Centre, University of Balochistan, Quetta
    9. Hart, Lawrance Lak, , 2007, Nadir Shah, (Translated by: Tahir Mansoor Farooqui) Takhliqat Lahore
    10. Hughes, A. W. reprint, 2002, The Country of Balochistan, Sales and Services, Quetta
    11. Khan, Ahmed Yar, Mir, 2007 Tarikh-e-Qaum-o-Khawanin-e-Baloch, Al-Asar Publications, Lahore
    12. Marri, Shah Muhammad, 2000, Baloch Qaum Aed-e-Qadeem say Asre Hazir Tak, Takhliqat, Lahore
    13. Naseer, Gul Khan, Mir, 1984, Balochi Razmia Shairi, Balochi Academy, Quetta
    14. Naseer, Gul Khan, Mir, 2000, 4th Edition, Tarikh-e-Balochistan, Kalat Publisher, Quetta
    15. Pottinger, Henry, 1986,Travel in Sindh and Balochistan, Indus Publications, Karachi
    16. Sykes, Persi Monsorth, 1940, A History of Afghanistan, Vol -II, London
    17. Sykes, Persi Monsorth, 1940, A History of Persia, Vol-II, London
    18. G.P. Tate, 1973, Kingdom of Afghanistan, Indus Publications, Karachi.
    19. State, Religion, and Ethnic Politics: Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan (Contemporary Issues in the Middle East): Ali Banuazizi, Myron Weiner
    20. Dictionary of battles and sieges: f-o by tony jaques
    21. The Baloch and Balochistan by Naseer Dashti

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s