The Concept of Bida’t Detailed


Defination of Bidah: Some thing which wasn’t performed or done during time of Prophet (saleh ala waalihi wasalam) but introduced later on.It is divided into different categories and bidah (innovation) in Aqeeda (islamic beliefs) is considered evil (haram) where as Good bidahs in religion which don’t effect Aqeeda (beliefs) are endorsed and made by Ijhtehad of scholars and had been made in the past.

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Major Question/objection: Is EVERY Innovation (bad) Bid’at?
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Discussion on Bid’at involves many aspects. Discussion on all of these aspects would require a very lengthy post in which many users might loose the track of the discussion. So I am planning to take one or two points at a time to explain our point of view, and then move on to other aspects).

Some people believe that bid’at (innovation) is always bad; it cannot be divided into good and bad innovations. Primarily they base their thesis on the following Hadith of Muslim :وشرالامور محدثاتھا وکل بدعھ ضلالھ۔۔۔ (And among the worst deeds is to invent new things and every innovation (Bid’at) is misguidance). This gives the impression that the Hadith is declaring every innovation as Bid’at and hence condemnable. Is it really the case? It is actually not. This is the point that I would be proving in this post initially. Rest of the points would follow in the future posts.

So for the current post my statement is:

“Every innovation is not (bad) Bid’at. Innovations are of two types: Bid’at-e-Hasana (good innovation) and Bid’at-e-Sai’ya (bad innovation). Only Bid’at-e-Saiya (bad innovation) has been condemned in the Hadith.”

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Point 1: Discussion on Terminology?
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For innovation or new things, two words are used in Hadith literature: (Muh’dasa) محدثھ and (Bid’aa) بدعھ and these two have almost the same meaning and are used interchangeably in various Ahadith. In fact in Ahadith the word Muh’dasa has been used more frequently than the word Bid’aa. Almost all the Ahadith related to innovation has used this word (i.e. Muh’dasaوشرالامور محدثاتھا

The Hadith of Bukhari starts as من احدث ۔۔۔ (Whoever invented a new thing …). Similarly the most famous Hadith (of Muslim) against Bid’at has the wording: وشرالامور محدثاتھا وکل بدعھ ضلالھ۔۔۔ (And among the worst deeds is to invent new things and every innovation is misguidance). So clearly the two words for innovation, which have been quite emphatically criticized in Ahadith are Muh’dasa محدثھ and Bid’aa بدعھ or Bid’at بدعت

Conclusion:
For innovation, two words are used in Ahadith namely (Muh’dasa) محدثھ and (Bid’aa) بدعھ:
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Point 2: بدعت لغوی vs. بدعت شرعی ?
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Although the above mentioned two words (Mukh’dasa and Bid’aa) have been thoroughly criticized in the sayings of the Prophet (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم), yet in Arabic they are used for every new thing whether the thing is good or bad. It is absolutely wrong to call every Bid’aa or Mukh’dasa as bad. It is clearly proven from Ahadith that even the acts of the Prophet (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم) were called as Muh’dasa (محدثھ) by Sahaba.
For example, Before the death of the Prophet (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم), Hazrat Aisha (رضی اللہ عنھ) heard new words of praise of Allah from the Prophet (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم) and asked why you are reciting these Ah’das (new words) (احدثتھا تقولھا). (Muslim / Ibn-e-Ibi Shaiba / Abu Noaim / Tabari).
Similarly Hazrat Rafay Bin Khadij (رضی اللہ عنھ) narrates that the Prophet (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم) started reciting new words before leaving a gathering and we asked (ھذہ کلمات احدثتھن) “You have recited new words”? (Nisai / Hakim / Munzri : Tabrani has declared its asnad as Jaiyad)

So if we take the Hadith of Muslim (شرالامور محدثاتھا) “And among the worst deeds are Muh’dasat (innovations)” in general context, then Na-Uzu-Billah Sahaba accused the Prophet (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم) about a bad thing (which is not possible). They were clearly using this word in its literal (dictionary) sense, meaning a new thing. There are similar Ahadith about the use of the word (Bid’aa) بدعھ which I would discuss later.

Conclusion:

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The words Muh’dasa محدثھ and Bid’aa بدعھ are not always used in negative sense. In dictionary meanings, they can be used for any (good or bad) innovation. In this context it is called as Bid’at-e-Lugwi بدعت لغوی (Bid’at in literal or dictionary meaning). The bid’at that has been condemned in the Ahadith is called as Bid’at-e-Shar’ee بدعت شرعی (Bid’at in Islamic Shariah).

The fact that Sahaba used these words even for the Prophet (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم) makes it clear that they always understood these words as neutral in connotation. If they had taken the word Muh’dasa as a negative word only,(because the Hadith stated “Among the worst deeds are Muh’dasat”), then for the new act of the Prophet (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم) they would have used a different word for sure. This is an indication that Sahaba believed in the division of the words of Muh’dasa and Bid’aa
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Quran uses “every” to Mean Only a Sub Class
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The wording of the previously quoted Hadith of Muslim apparently refers to all new things without restriction. Does it literally mean that everything new is misguidance or bad? The answer is “No”. Why?

In answer to this question, we may note that there are many similar generalities in the Quran and Hadith (by using the word “Every (کل)”) , all of them admitting of some qualification.

A few examples follow:

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Quranic Example No:1
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When Quran says “every boat” in “As for the boat, it belonged to certain men in dire want: they plied on the water: I but wished to render it unserviceable, for there was after them a certain king who seized on every boat by force.”, it means “every (new) boat”, or “every (serviceable) boat”. Otherwise there was no need to break the boat in order to save it from the king.

(Quran Al-Kahf 18:79)

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Quranic Example No:2
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When Quran says “every hill” while ordering Hazrat Abrahim (AS) in “Take four birds; Tame them to turn to thee; put a portion of them on every hill and call to them”, it means “every hill near by” and NOT “every hill in the world”.
(Quran Al-Baqara 2:260)

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Quranic Example No:4
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When Quran says “every stratagem” in “lie in wait for them in every stratagem (of war)”, it means “every stratagem which is feasible for war”. (At-Tauba 9:5)

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Quranic Example No:5
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When Quran says “every high place” in “Do ye build a landmark on every high place to amuse yourselves?”, it means “every high place where a landmark is feasible” (Ash-Shu’ara 26:128)

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Quranic Example No:6
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6 When Quran orders Hazrat Noh (AS) to take “every species with him in “take thou on board pairs of every species”, it does mean a very limited subset of total species on earth. (Al-Mu’minun 23:27)

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Hadiths uses “every(kull)” to Mean Only a Sub Class
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Example one
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* The Prophet said: “Truly, this black seed (al-habba al-sawda’) is a cure for every (kull) disease except death.”
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►[Narrated from ‘A’isha and Abu Hurayra by Bukhari,
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►Muslim,
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► al-Tirmidhi
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►, Ibn Majah,
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► and Ahmad through nineteen chains. Al-Zuhri said: “The black seed is black cumin (al-shuneez).” It is also named Indian cumin, fennel-flower; corn cockle, and wild savager.
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this doesnt means Black seed is literally cure of Every (kull) disease on earth but only a subgroup
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Example Two
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* The Prophet said: “None shall enter Hellfire who prays before sunrise and before sunset.”
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[Narrated from ‘Amara ibn Ru’ayba al-Thaqafi by
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►Muslim, al-Nasa’i, Abu Dawud, and Ahmad.
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This hadith is worded all-inclusively although it is not meant to include those who abandon the prayers of zuhr, maghrib, and ‘isha’. Ibn Hajar confirmed al-Tibi’s ruling that sound germane narrations must be taken together as one hadith, the general being modified in light of the specific (yuhmalu mutlaquha ‘ala muqayyaduha) so that practice can conform with the totality of their content
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Example Three
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Prophet (SAleh ala waalihi wasalam) said Every (kull) thing with which a man plays is void except his training of his horse , throwing of arrows and playing with his wife , [ Quoted in Ihya Uloom ud din by Imam Ghazali (Rah) Vol 2 , Pg 171 and Termed Sahih ]
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Imam Ghazali (Rah) writes : It doesnt means Every thing except above three is unlawful It means want of benefit.To make sweet sounds of birds and to play any other sports for enjoyment is not unlawful [same page of Ihya]

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Conclusion
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In all of the above quoted verses of Quran the word “Every (کل)” has been used, but its meaning is applicable only to a subclass of it. This reminds of the well known English proverb: “Exceptions are always there.”
There are many other examples from Quran and Hadith, where a general word is used to represent only a subclass of it.
Example
. When Quran orders “every one” to observe fasts in Ramadhan (Al-Baqara 2:185), it does make exception of ill and travelers etc. Similarly by the words “Every Bid’at is misguidance” meant “Every (bad) bid’at (i.e. Bid’at-e-Saa’iya) is misguidance”.
There are many instances in Quran and Hadith where a general statement is made (by using the word “Every (کل)”) to represent only a subclass of it. (This is a well know topic in Ilm-ul-Blagha) In a similar fashion, this Hadith is only talking about bad innovations.
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There are several hadiths proving Sahabas (Ra),Salafs, Early muslims brought many new innovations in Religion, e.g Fiqh , dividing quran into 30 parts, Books of Hadiths like Bukhari, Trimdhi, muslim were all done after centuries


Proof of Inventing
New action in religion From Quran

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Quran states:

{ ثُمَّ قَفَّيْنَا عَلَىٰ آثَارِهِم بِرُسُلِنَا وَقَفَّيْنَا بِعِيسَى ٱبْنِ مَرْيَمَ وَآتَيْنَاهُ ٱلإِنجِيلَ وَجَعَلْنَا فِي قُلُوبِ ٱلَّذِينَ ٱتَّبَعُوهُ رَأْفَةً وَرَحْمَةً وَرَهْبَانِيَّةً ٱبتَدَعُوهَا مَا كَتَبْنَاهَا عَلَيْهِمْ إِلاَّ ٱبْتِغَآءَ رِضْوَانِ ٱللَّهِ فَمَا رَعَوْهَا حَقَّ رِعَايَتِهَا فَآتَيْنَا ٱلَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ مِنْهُمْ أَجْرَهُمْ وَكَثِيرٌ مِّنْهُمْ فَاسِقُونَ }

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As for monasticism, they invented it themselves, for we had not enjoined it on them, seeking thereby to please Allah; but they did not observe it faithfully.[ We rewarded only those who were truly faithful, but many of them were transgressors (57:27)
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personal comments
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had all innovations would have been bad then Allah would not have said that he would give them Ajr on their invention of Rahbaniyat or to please Allah,i.e. those who practised it faithfully,We rewarded only those who were truly faithful
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what Allah says is that after adopting it they did not practice it properly, hence this verse has implied permission for innovating good matters, If the words are carefully read we get to know that If it was condemned then Allah would not have said: “but they did not observe it faithfully”
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Rather Allah condemns those who after innovating it did not practice it properly (hence good innovations are to be practiced properly), Allah proves new innovations to be rewardful in the same ayah when he says: “We rewarded only those who were truly faithful

Tafsir ibn e abbas of above verse

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(Then We caused Our messengers) one after the other (to follow in their footsteps) to follow Noah and Abraham from their respective offspring; (and We caused Jesus, son of Mary, to follow) these Messenger, i.e. messengers other than the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) (and gave him the Gospel, and placed compassion and mercy) towards each other (in the hearts of those who followed him) i.e. who followed the religion of Jesus. (But monasticism they invented) they built monasteries and cloisters to escape the sedition of Paul, the Jew. (We ordained it not for them) We did not enjoin monasticism upon them. (Only seeking Allah’s pleasure) they did not invent it except to seek Allah’s good pleasure, (and) had We enjoined it upon them
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(they observed it not with right observance) they would not have given it its right due.
(So We give those of them who believe) among the monks (their reward) double for their faith and worship; these are the ones who did not contravene against the religion of Jesus. 24 among these were in the Yemen and when they heard of the Prophet (pbuh) they believed in him and joined his religion, (but many of them) of the monks (are evil-livers) disbelievers, these are the ones who went against the religion of Jesus.


*** Tafsir Al Jalayn for Same Ayah ***
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{ ثُمَّ قَفَّيْنَا عَلَىٰ ءاثَٰرِهِم بِرُسُلِنَا وَقَفَّيْنَا بِعِيسَى ٱبْنِ مَرْيَمَ وَءاتَيْنَٰهُ ٱلإنجِيلَ وَجَعَلْنَا فِى قُلُوبِ ٱلَّذِينَ ٱتَّبَعُوهُ رَأْفَةً وَرَحْمَةً وَرَهْبَانِيَّةً } هي رفض النساء واتخاذ الصوامع { ٱبتَدَعُوهَا } من قبل أنفسهم { مَا كَتَبْنَٰهَا عَلَيْهِمْ } ما أمرناهم بها { إِلاَّ } لكن فعلوها { ٱبْتِغَاء رِضْوٰنِ } مرضاة { ٱللَّهِ فَمَا رَعَوْهَا حَقَّ رِعَايَتِهَا } إذ تركها كثير منهم وكفروا بدين عيسى ودخلوا في دين ملكهم وبقي على دين عيسى كثير منهم فآمنوا بنبينا { فَئَاتَيْنَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ } به { مِنْهُمْ أَجْرَهُمْ وَكَثِيرٌ مّنْهُمْ فَٰسِقُونَ }

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Then We sent to follow in their footsteps Our messengers, and We sent to follow, Jesus son of Mary, and We gave him the Gospel, and We placed in the hearts of those who followed him kindness and mercy.
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But [as for] monasticism, namely, abstention from women and seclusion in monasteries, they invented it, [an innovation] on their part — We had not prescribed it for them, We did not enjoin them to it; but they took it on —only seeking God’s beatitude. Yet they did not observe it with due observance, for many of them abandoned it and rejected the religion of Jesus and embraced the religion of their [then] king
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. However, many of them did remain upon the religion of Jesus and they believed in our Prophet [when he came]. So We gave those of them who believed, in him, their reward; but many of them are immoral.

Tafsir ib e khatir of 57:27

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Here is proof from Tafsir Ibn Kathir
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The tafsir.com website which is famous for its forgeries has yet again removed the crucial tafsir under this ayah. They have cleverly removed the important hadith from inbetween.
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It states:
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ابن مسعود قال: قال لي رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: ” يا ابن مسعود ” قلت: لبيك يارسول الله قال: ” هل علمت أن بني إسرائيل افترقوا على ثنتين وسبعين فرقة؟ لم ينج منها إلا ثلاث فرق، قامت بين الملوك والجبابرة بعد عيسى بن مريم عليه السلام، فدعت إلى دين الله، ودين عيسى بن مريم، فقاتلت الجبابرة، فقتلت فصبرت ونجت، ثم قامت طائفة أخرى لم تكن لها قوة بالقتال، فقامت بين الملوك والجبابرة، فدعوا إلى دين الله ودين عيسى بن مريم، فقتلت وقطعت بالمناشير، وحرقت بالنيران، فصبرت ونجت، ثم قامت طائفة أخرى لم يكن لها قوة بالقتال، ولم تطق القيام بالقسط، فلحقت بالجبال، فتعبدت وترهبت، وهم الذين ذكر الله تعالى
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Translation: Ibn Masud (ra) narrates that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) called me and I said “Labaik”. The Prophet said: Do you know that Banu Israel was divided into 72 sects “BUT ONLY THREE GROUPS OUT OF THEM GOT FORGIVNESS”
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1.Those who after Isa (a.s) stood against the Kings and tyrants. They called people towards deen of Allah and Isa bin Marym (a.s). They fought against the transgressors and were martyred therefore they were forgiven
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2. The second group was of those people who were not able to fight back but they stood firm infront of kings and tyrants. They said the words of truth. Due to this they were martyred by thick blades and were burnt (alive) but still they remained patient and thus attained forgiveness….

Pious and Good innovators of Rahbaniyat were forgiven
3. Then another group arose, they were not able to fight nor stand infront of kings/tyrants. THEY WENT TOWARDS THE MOUNTANS AND WORSHIPPED ALLAH IN “ISOLATION AND TOOK THE PATH OF MONASTICISM. THESE ARE THE PEOPLE MENTIONED IN THIS AYAH”
[Tafsir Ibn Kathir, Volume No.4, Page No. 540]


source of above tafsir ibn e khatir
http://www.altafsir.com/Tafasir.asp?…0&LanguageId=1
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Note : Some of our great muslims have forged and edited actual text of this tafsir from english translations, Above link has arabic and one can check what does it says, I have mentioned arabic too
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Hence even Quran proofs that if muslims invent Good biddahs they are given Sawab for it ,
regarding word every (kull) in hadiths haani quoted, I already cleared that in my initial posts of this thread from Quran and hadiths, its used as a subgroup

what Prophet (saleh ala waalihi wasalam) said too
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Hadith 1

Volume 3, Book 49, Number 861: (Sahih Bukhari)
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Narrated Aisha: Allah’s Apostle said, [“If somebody innovates something which is not in harmony with the principles of our religion, that thing is rejected.”
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Read it once again to understand that Islam is not an illogical religion, hence new innovations which are not in “Harmony” with the principles of religion will be Bidat al Dhalalah otherwise they will be Bidat al Hassanah.

The great Muhaditheen and Ulama explained it as

Imam Ibn Hajr al Haytami (Rahimuhullah)on above hadith said:
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وفي الحديث “كل بدْعة ضلالة وكل ضلالة في النار” وهو محمول على المحرمة لا غي
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That which is narrated in Hadith that All innovations are evil and all evil are in hell fire, This hadith will be applied forBidat al Muhrima (i.e. category of haram innovations only) not others.[Imam Ibn Hajr al-Haytami in Fatawa al Hadithiyyah, Page No. 203]

Hadith 2

‏عن ‏ ‏ابن جرير بن عبد الله ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏أبيه ‏ ‏قال ‏قال رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏من ‏ ‏سن ‏ ‏سنة ‏ ‏خير فاتبع عليها فله أجره ومثل أجور من اتبعه غير منقوص من أجورهم شيئا ومن ‏ ‏سن ‏ ‏سنة ‏ ‏شر فاتبع عليها كان عليه وزره ومثل أوزار من اتبعه غير منقوص من أوزارهم شيئ

Jarir bin Abdullah reported: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: He who introduced some good practice in Islam which was followed after him (by people) he would be assured of reward like one who followed it, without their rewards being diminished in any respect. And he who introduced some evil practice in Islam which had been followed subsequently (by others), he would be required to bear the burden like that of one who followed this (evil practice) without their’s being diminished in any respect. [Sunan Tirmidhi Volume 005, Hadith Number 2675]
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‏قال ‏ ‏أبو عيسى ‏ ‏هذا ‏ ‏حديث حسن صحيح
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Imam Tirmidhi Said: This hadith is “Hassan Sahih”
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Source: http://hadith.al-islam.com/Display/Display.asp?Doc=2&Rec=4324
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Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: He who introduced some good practice in Islam.
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Note : The above hadith context refers to revviving any Good practice which is in coherence with Quran and Shariah, It can be a Sunnah which sahabas (Ra) revived or salafs revived or can be any other good practice within laws of shariah

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EXAMPLES of Good Innovations by Sahabas (ra) and Prophet (saw) approving them
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PROOF NO 1
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Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 61, Number 533:

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:

A man heard another man reciting (Surat-Al-Ikhlas) ‘Say He is Allah, (the) One.’ (112. 1) repeatedly. The next morning he came to Allah’s Apostle and informed him about it as if he thought that it was not enough to recite. On that Allah’s Apostle said, “By Him in Whose Hand my life is, this Surah is equal to one-third of the Qur’an!”[b/]
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Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri: My brother, Qatada bin An-Nau’man said, “A man performed the night prayer late at night in the lifetime of the Prophet and he read: ‘Say: He is Allah, (the) One,’ (112.1)[ews] and read nothing besides that. The next morning a man went to the Prophet ,~ and told him about that .. On that Allah’s Apostle said, “By Him in Whose Hand my life is, this Surah is equal to one-third of the Qur’an!
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Note
Now Rasool never told that person to say “Qulho Wallaho Ahad” repeatedly. That Sahabi did it according to his own opinion as it was totally in harmony with the principles of religion.
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And Abu Said Al-Khadri also thought that saying only “Qulho Wallaho Ahad” is not enogh and he has to recite the whole Surrah. (i.e. he was not criticizing it as Bidah, but due to other reason, that whole Surah should be recited).
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And finally, look at the holy words of our holy Prophet (saww) If every Biddah was wrong Why did Prophet (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم) approved it ?

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EXAMPLES of Good Innovations by Sahabas (ra) and Prophet (saw) approving them
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good innovation by Sahabas (ra)
PROOF NO 2
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From Hadrat Bilal (ra) doing zikr his own way
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Bukhari, Volume 2, Book 21, Number 250:
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Narrated Abu Huraira:

At the time of the Fajr prayer the Prophet asked Bilal, “Tell me of the best deed you did after embracing Islam, for I heard your footsteps in front of me in Paradise.” Bilal replied, “I did not do anything worth mentioning except that whenever I performed ablution during the day or night, I prayed after that ablution as much as was written for me.”
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Ibn Hajar Asqalani says in Fath al-Bari that the hadith shows it is permissible to use personal reasoning (ijtihad) in choosing times for acts of worship, for Bilal reached the conclusions he mentioned by his own inference,and the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) confirmed him therein.
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good innovation by Sahabas (ra)
PROOF NO 3
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Narrated IsraiI:

Uthman bin ‘Abdullah bin Mauhab said, “My people sent me with a bowl of water to Um Salama.” Isra’il approximated three fingers (‘indicating the small size of the container in which there was some hair of the Prophet. ‘Uthman(ra) added, “If any person suffered from evil eye or some other disease, he would send a vessel (containing water) to Um Salama. I looked into the container (that held the hair of the Prophet) and saw a few red hairs in it,”
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Sahih Bukhari, Volume 7, Book 72, Number 784
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***Commentary by Ibn e Hajar (Rah)***
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Ibn al-Sakan narrated through Safwan ibn Hubayra from the latter’s father: Thabit al-Bunani said: Anas ibn Malik said to me (on his death-bed): “This is one of the hairs of Allah’s Messenger, Allah’s blessings and peace upon him. I want you to place it under my tongue. “Thabit continued: I placed it under his tongue, and he was buried with it under his tongue.”
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Narrated by Ibn Hajar in al-Isaba fi tamyiz al-sahaba (Calcutta, 1853) 1:72 under “Anas Ibn Malik.”
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Point to NOTE
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Rasool Allah [saww] never asked anyone to put his hair under his tongue while getting buried. Ans bin Malik introduced this new Action according to his own opinion, while he knew that there is a Barakah in the hairs of Rasool Allah [saww].

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good innovation by Sahabas (ra)
PROOF NO 4
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Narrated Thumama:

Anas said, “Um Sulaim used to spread a leather sheet for the Prophet and he used to take a midday nap on that leather sheet at her home.” Anas added, “When the Prophet had slept, she would take some of his sweat and hair and collect it (the sweat) in a bottle and then mix it with Suk (a kind of perfume) while he was still sleeping. “When the death of Anas bin Malik approached, he advised that some of that Suk be mixed with his Hanut (perfume for embalming the dead body), and it was mixed with his Hanut.,[Bukhari, Volume 8, Book 74, Number 298]
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NOTE
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Rasool Allah [saww] never asked someone to collect his sweat and Umm Sulaim did it according to her own opinion.
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Similarly, Rasool Allah [saww] never asked his sweat and hair mixed with Suk to be used on a dead body as Hanut. It was Anas bin Malik himself who did it according to his own opinion

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good innovation by Sahabas (ra)
PROOF NO 5
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When `Abdullah ibn Anis came back from one of the battles having killed Khalid ibn Sufyan ibn Nabih, the Prophet gifted him his staff and said to him: “It will be a sign between you and me on the Day of Resurrection.” Thereafter he never parted with it and it was buried with him when he died. ,[Narrated by Ahmad in his Musnad (3:496)]
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NOTE
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Rasool Allah [saww] never asked Abdullah ibn Anis to take that staff with him in his grave, and he introduced this new act only according to his own opinion.
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good innovation by Sahabas (ra)
PROOF NO 6
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Dawud ibn Salih says: “[The Caliph] Marwan one day saw a man placing his face on top of the grave of the Prophet. He said: “Do you know what you are doing?” When he came near him, he realized it was Abu Ayyub al-Ansari. The latter said: “Yes; I came to the Prophet, not to a stone.
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References:

►Ahmad (5:422)
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►Ibn Hibban in his Sahih,
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►Tabarani in his Mu`ja
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►al-Hakim in his Mustadrak (4:515); both the latter and al-Dhahabi said it was sahih.
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►It is also cited by al-Subki in Shifa’ al-siqam (p. 126),
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►Ibn Taymiyya in al-Muntaqa (2:261f.), and
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►Haythami in al-Zawa’id (4:2)
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NOTE
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Paying respect to the signs of Allah and to seek barakah from them is a virtuous act in Islam. Only limitation put by Islam is “Prostration“. But Some muslims have made many more things Haram at their own. Above practices were personally invented by Glorious Sahabas (Ra) as they didnt go against Shariah so no one ever objected
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good innovation by Sahabas (ra)
PROOF NO 7
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,Mu`adh ibn Jabal and Bilal also came to the grave of the Prophet and sat weeping, and the latter rubbed his face against it.[Sunan Ibn Majah 2:1320.]
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NOTE,
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Rasool Allah [saww] never asked Sahaba to place and rub their faces on his grave, or to sit there and weep. Abu Ayyub Ansari, Mu`adh ibn Jabal and Bilal did all that according to their own opinion.
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****Imam Ahmad’s commentry ****
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Imam Ahmad’s son `Abd Allah said: I asked my father about the man who touches and kisses the pommel of the Prophet’s minbar to obtain blessing, or touches the grave of the Prophet. He responded by saying: “There is nothing wrong with it.” `Abd Allah also asked Imam Ahmad about the man who touches the Prophet’s minbar and kisses it for blessing, and who does the same with the grave, or something to that effect, intending thereby to draw closer to Allah. He replied: “There is nothing wrong with it.”
,,
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► This was narrated by `Abdullah ibn Ahmad ibn Hanbal in his book entitled al-`Ilal fi ma`rifat al-rijal (2:492)

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good innovation by Sahabas (ra)
PROOF NO 8
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Tabari narrated through Handhalah Ibn Hudhaym that the latter went with his grandfather, Hudhaym, to the Prophet. Hudhaym said to the Messenger of Allah:
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“I have sons and grandsons, some of whom are pubescent and others still children.” Motioning to the young child next to him, he said: “This is the youngest.” The Prophet brought this young child whose name was Handhalah next to him, wiped on his head, and told him, “barakallahu fik,” which means: “May Allah bless you.” After that, people started to bring Handhalah a person with a swollen face or a sheep with a swollen udder. Handhalah would place his hand on that part of his head the Prophet wiped, then touch the swollen part and say Bismillah, and the swelling would be cured.
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NOTE
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Handhalah did it according to his own opinion. Was he really indulged in Dhalalah? No because it didnt go against Quran and sunnah of Prophet (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم)
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al-Tabarani in al-Awsat and al-Kabir (4:16),
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and Imam Ahmad in his Musnad (5:67-68) with a sound chain as stated by al-Haythami in al-Zawa’id (4:211)
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good innovation by Sahabas (ra)
PROOF NO 9
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The Tabi Thabit al-Bunani said he used to go to Anas Ibn Malik, kiss his hands, and say: “These are hands that touched the Prophet.He would kiss his eyes and say: “These are eyes that saw the Prophet.”
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►Abu Ya`la narrated it in his Musnad (6:211)
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► and Ibn Hajar mentioned it in his al-Matalib al-`aliya (4:111).
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► al-Haythami declared it sound in Majma` al-zawa’id (9:325).
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NOTE
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Tabi`i Thabit al-Bunani did it and invented this new practice from his own, No one objected because it wasnt against principles of Shariah ,

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good innovation by Sahabas (ra)
PROOF NO 10
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Narrated Abu Burda:

When I came to Medina. I met Abdullah bin Salam. He said, “Will you come to me so that I may serve you with Sawiq (i.e. powdered barley) and dates, and let you enter a (blessed) house that in which the Prophet entered?”
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[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 5, Book 58, Number 159]
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Note
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Rasool Allah [saww] never asked Abdullah bin Salam(ra) to offer people to enter in that House. It was Abdullah bin Salam’s (ra) own opinion that a House, in which Rasool Allah [saww] had entered, became blessed. And other people must also enter in it in order to obtain blessings.
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good innovation by Sahabas (ra)
PROOF NO 11
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Ibn Umar (Ra)Fast at some particular days on every month at his own.

Abdullah b. ‘Umar (Allah be pleased with both of them) reported that he heard the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) say about the day of Ashura: It is a day on which the people of pre-Islamic days observed fast. So he who liked to fast on this day should do so, and he who liked to abandon it should abandon it. ‘Abdullah (Allah be pleased with him) did not observe fast except when it coincided (with the days when he was in the habit of observing voluntary fasts during every month).
,[Sahih Muslim Book 006, Number 2507]
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Note
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Hadrat Umar (ra) invented this new practice on his own in Islam on fasting on those specific days, He wasn’t asked by Sahabas (ra) to do it nor by Prophet (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم) ever

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good innovation by Sahabas (ra) Prohphet (Saw) approving it
PROOF NO 12
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[Bukhari Volume 1, Book 12, Number 764: ]
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Narrated Rifa’a bin Rafi AzZuraqi:
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One day we were praying behind the Prophet. When he raised his head from bowing, he said, “Sami’a-l-lahu Liman hamida.” A man behind him said, “Rabbana walaka-l hamd hamdan Kathiran taiyiban mubarakan fihi” (O our Lord! All the praises are for You, many good and blessed praises). When the Prophet completed the prayer…he asked, “Who has said these words?” The man replied, “I.” The Prophet said, “I saw over thirty angels competing to write it first.” Prophet rose (from bowing) and stood straight till all the vertebrae of his spinal column came to a natural position
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Note
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This is a bidah is salat itself but the Prophet (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم) didn’t criticize the Sahaba (Ra) for it, He approved it because of Niyah alone ,
so according to some definitions naudhobillah the Prophet will be accused of bidah too .. Naudhobillah
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good innovation by Sahabas (ra)
PROOF NO 13
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[bukhari Volume 2, Book 13, Number 39: ]
Narrated Az-Zuhri:
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I heard As-Saib bin Yazid, saying, “In the life-time of Allah’s Apostle, and Abu Bakr and Umar, the Adhan for the Jumua prayer used to be pronounced after the Imam had taken his seat on the pulpit. But when the people increased in number during the caliphate of ‘Uthman, he introduced a third Adhan (on Friday for the Jumua prayer) …[end quote]
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and it was pronounced at Az-Zaura’ and that new state of affairs remained so in the succeeding years,so now Prophet is not there it means even Khulafa ar rashideen made new good bidahs
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good innovation by Sahabas (ra) Prohphet (Saw) approving it
PROOF NO 14
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Ibne Umar’s innovation in Talbia
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Muslim Book 007, Number 2667/8

‘Abdullah b. ‘Umar (ra) reported that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) entered upon the state of Ihram near the mosque at Dhu’l-Hulaifa as his camel stood by it and he said: Here I am at Thy service, O Lord; here I am at Thy service: here I am at Thy service. There is no associate with Thee. Here I am at Thy service. All praise and grace is due to Thee and the sovereignty (too). There is no associate with Thee. They (the people) said that ‘Abdullah b. ‘Umar said that that was the Talbiya of the Messenger of Allah (saw). Nafi’ said: ‘Abdullah (Allah be pleased with him) made this addition to it: Here I am at Thy service; here I am at Thy service; ready to obey Thee. The Good is in Thy Hand. Here I am at Thy service. Unto Thee is the petition and deed (is also for Thee

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good innovation by Sahabas (ra)
PROOF NO 15
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Abu Huraira asking people to lead 2 Rakah Salah for him and then pray for him
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في ذكر البصرة الملاحم سنن أبي داود
‏ ‏حدثنا ‏ ‏محمد بن المثنى ‏ ‏حدثني ‏ ‏إبراهيم بن صالح بن درهم ‏ ‏قال سمعت ‏ ‏أبي ‏ ‏يقول ‏
‏انطلقنا حاجين فإذا رجل فقال لنا إلى جنبكم قرية يقال لها ‏ ‏الأبلة ‏ ‏قلنا نعم قال من يضمن لي منكم أن يصلي لي في ‏‏ مسجد العشار ‏‏ ركعتين أو أربعا ويقول هذه ‏ ‏لأبي هريرة ‏ ‏سمعت خليلي رسول الله ‏‏ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏يقول ‏ ‏إن الله يبعث من ‏‏ مسجد العشار ‏ ‏يوم القيامة شهداء لا يقوم مع شهداء ‏ ‏بدر ‏ ‏غيرهم ‏
‏قال ‏ ‏أبو داود ‏ ‏هذا المسجد مما ‏ ‏يلي ‏
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The sahabi, Abu Hurayra, urged some people to pray 2 raka’ahs in Masjid Ashaar and told them to say after the prayers, “Haaza li Abi Hurayra”. This is for Abu Hurayra (Abu Dawud vol 2 p236)
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praying Salat for some one else is a biddah in that case salat is part of Deen of Islam, its a pillar and Great Sahabi (Rah) added some thing from his own which wasn’t practised before, this proves without a shadow of doubt that biddah are Good (hasina,Wajid, mubah) and Bad(zalalah,maqruh,haram) ,
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good innovation by Sahabas (ra)
PROOF NO 16
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Sahih Bukhari Book 32 Volume 3 Hadith 227
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah’s Apostle said, “Whoever prayed at night the whole month of Ramadan out of sincere Faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven.” Ibn Shihab (a sub-narrator) said, “Allah’s Apostle died and the people continued observing that (i.e. Nawafil offered individually, not in congregation), and it remained as it was during the Caliphate of Abu Bakr and in the early days of ‘Umar’s Caliphate.” ‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Abdul Qari said, “I went out in the company of ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab one night in Ramadan to the mosque and found the people praying in different groups. A man praying alone or a man praying with a little group behind him. So, ‘Umar said, ‘In my opinion I would better collect these (people) under the leadership of one Qari (Reciter) (i.e. let them pray in congregation!)’. So, he made up his mind to congregate them behind Ubai bin Ka’b. Then on another night I went again in his company and the people were praying behind their reciter. On that, ‘Umar remarked, ‘What an excellent Bid’a (i.e.innovation in religion) this is; but the prayer which they do not perform (continues)

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good action by Sahabas (ra)
PROOF NO 17
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BY Ibn Umar (ra)
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عَن الْأَعْرَجِ رضي الله عنه قَالَ : سَأَلْتُ مُحَمَّدًا عَنِ صَلَاةِ الضُّحَي وَهُوَ مُسْنِدٌ ظَهْرَهُ إِلَي حُجْرَةِ النَّبِيِّ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم، فَقَالَ : بِدْعَةٌ وَنِعْمَتِ الْبِدْعَةُ

Narated By Ara’j : I asked Abduallah Ibn Umar (ra) about prayer of chasht, that when He (Ibn Ummar) used to sit beside face of Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) room, then he (Ibne Ummar) said: Its a innovation and a Good innovation. [Ibn Abu Shayba Volume 002, Hadith Number 7775]

replying to argument on Chast

Some do argue that Chast is a sunnah proved from many hadiths and not a biddah ,
,
Reply
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I know about which hadiths you are talking around here But Hadrat Aisha (Ra) and Ibn Umer (Ra) never Saw Prophet (salehl ala waalihi wasalam) doing it infact they believed it to be Bidah according to sahih hadiths, Where as other Sahabas (Ra) didnt
,mean that they did not see the Prophet pray it (a) in the Mosque (b) on a regular basis (c) in congregation (d) for more than 2 or 4 rak`ats lest it be imposed on the Umma as an obligation
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now let me quote Sahih hadiths for you having proof of it
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Hadith Number 1 :
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Both Aisha and Ibn Umar (ra) stated that “the Prophet would not pray Duha except when returning from a trip.”
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►Muslim
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►Abu Dawud
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►Ahmad
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►al-Nasa’i
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►Ibn Khuzayma
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►and Ibn Hibban with sound chains. He also explained in his Sahih (6:270) that “this means he did not pray Duha in the mosque among people rather than in the house except upon returning from a trip.


Hadith Number 2 :
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كَانَ نَبِيُّ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يُصَلِّي الضُّحَى حَتَّى نَقُولَ لَا يَدَعُ وَيَدَعُهَا حَتَّى نَقُولَ لَا يُصَلِّي
,
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“The Messenger of Allah used to pray Duha to the point that we said he shall never leave it, and he used to leave it to the point that we said: he never prays it.
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►confirmed by the authentic report of Abu Said al-Khudri in al-Tirmidhi (hasan gharib) Book of witr:3 ,Hadith 476
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and Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal (rah) in Musnad Ahmad No: 11155]
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Hadith Number 3 Quoting again with more chains
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Ibn `Umar’s reply when asked about Salat al-Duha: It is an innovation and what a fine innovation it is(bid`atun wa ni`mati al-bid`atu hiya)
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►Narrated from al-Hakam ibn al-Araj by Ibn Abi Shayba in his Musannaf (2:172) with a sound chain according to Ibn Hajar in Fath al-Bari (1959 ed. 3:52)
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► from Mujahid by Ibn al-Ja`d in his Musnad ( p. 314)
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►and al-Tabarani in al-Mu`jam al-Kabir (12:424).

Hadith Number 4
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Another reply to the same question by Ibn Umar: At the time Uthman was killed no-one considered it desirable [in the Religion] (ma ahadun yastahibbuha), and the people did not innovate anything that is dearer to me than that prayer
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► Narrated from Salim ibn Abd Allah ibn Umar by Abd al-Razzaq with a sound chain according to Ibn Hajar in Fath al-Bari (1959 ed. 3:52)
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Conclusion
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I myself believe in Salat ul Duha as sunnah, because the two principles must be applied that “the narrations of affirmation take precedence over those of negation” and that “those who know are a proof over those who do not know
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But Sahaba (Ra) differed on it, Hadrat Aisha(ra) differed on it Ibn e Umar (Ra) himself wasn’t sure about it and hence called it Good Bida’h Due to same confusion.and proved that Sahabas (Ra) did believed in bida’h e hasina (good bidah) even if they disagreed and thought some thing was abandoned or never performed throughout life of Prophet (saleh ala walaihi wasalam)
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hope this clear that issue, Good biddah is proved here again by Ibn e Umar (Ra) other view point


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good innovation by Sahabas (ra)
PROOF NO 18

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Volume 5, Book 59, Number 325 (Sahih Bukhari)

…When they took him to Al-Hil out of Mecca sanctuary to martyr him, Khubaib requested them. “Allow me to offer a two-Rak’at prayer.” They allowed him and he prayed two Rakat and then said, “By Allah! Had I not been afraid that you would think I was worried, I would have prayed more.” Then he (invoked evil upon them) saying, “O Allah! Count them and kill them one by one, and do not leave anyone of them”‘ Then he recited: “As I am martyred as a Muslim, I do not care in what way I receive my death for Allah’s Sake, for this is for the Cause of Allah. If He wishes, He will bless the cut limbs of my body.” Then Abu Sarva, ‘Ubqa bin Al-Harith went up to him and killed him. It was Khubaib who set the tradition of praying for any Muslim to be martyred in captivity (before he is executed)

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Conclusion
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the Prophet (Peace be upon him) accepted good innovations many other times too and this is proof of all new innovations not being evil,Note that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) will never would had contradicted his own saying or did some thing not according to shariah if every bidat was evil.there are many more examples of Sahaba themselves doing new things on “Ijtihad” because their understanding of Deen was proper unlike yours, they knew that general permission is the main thing whereas new things will be judged iun light of Principles like the hadith of Aisha (ra) proves, and yes the Ocassion of that hadith is general too i.e. for all times the new things are to be checked with principles of Shariah.

All the above-mentioned Sahaba introduced a new action according to their own Opinions,due to love with Prophet (saw) while they thought these new actions in complete harmony with the principles of Islam.

Some muslim must reconsider their definition of Bidah. And if they still insist on their definition, then they must declare all the above-mentioned Sahaba to be innovators, and misguided and fuel of hell fire. But they don’t do that either.
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There are many acts which Prophet (saleh ala walihi wasalam) never did but Sahabas (ra) did.
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There are many acts which Sahabas (Ra) never did but Tabeen (generation after them) did,
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There are many acts which Tabeen (generation after Sahabas(ra)) never did ,but Taba tabeen(after them) did ,
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There are many acts which First three generations after our beloeved Prophet(saleh ala walihi wasalam) never did but classical scholars, muhadiseen did , Like Collection of Hadiths in form of Books, Inventing of Fiqh branch of Islam ,
Fatwas by ulemas
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All the these actions are good biddahs but never went against Quran,Shariah,Hadiths or Islam and hence no one ever made a cry due to it ,

(Courtasy: Fidai Saifi Naqshbandi from sunniforum.com)

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2 thoughts on “The Concept of Bida’t Detailed”

  1. BID’AH (INNOVATION) : PERCEPTION AND REALITY

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    CONTENTS:
    SECTION ONE
    (1) INTRODUCTION
    (2) LITERAL OR LINGUISTIC OR LUGHWIYEA MEANING OF BIDDAH
    (3) PROOF OF GOOD BIDDAH FROM HOLY QUR’AN
    (4) EVEN ALLAMA IB’N TAIMIYEA, WHO HOLDS THE STATUS OF AN AUTHORITY OF ISLAM, NEAR SALAFI BROTHERS, DIFFERENTIATED THE BID’AH INTO TWO KINDS, I.E. “BID’AH LUGHWIYEA” AND “BID’AH SHARAIYEA”
    (5) RELIGIOUS & TECHNICAL MEANING OF BID’AH:
    (6) TYPES OF BIDDAH
    (7) THE CONCEPT OF BID’AH IN THE HADITH
    (a) PROOF FROM HADITH
    (b) CORRECT MEANING OF THE HADITHS “EVERY INNOVATION IS MISGUIDANCE” AND “HE WHO INNOVATES SOMETHING IN THIS MATTER OF OURS THAT IS NOT OF IT WILL HAVE IT REJECTED”
    (8) EXPLAINING THE VERSE OF SURAH AL MAIDA QURAN [5:3] ABOUT THE PERFECTION AND COMPLETION OF THE DEEN
    (9) REFUTING THE CLAIM THAT BIDDAH IN DEEN IS NOT ALLOWED WHEREAS WORLDLY BIDDAH IS ALLOWED
    (a) FIRST REFUTATION
    (b) SECOND REFUTATION
    (c) THIRD REFUTATION
    (d) FOURTH REFUTATION
    (e) FIFTH REFUTATION
    (10) REFUTING THE CLAIM THAT ACTS OF THE KHALIFAS ARE NOT PROOF OF THE BIDDAH BECAUSE THEY BECAME THE SUNNAH OH KHALIFAS
    (11) OMISSION DOES NOT INDICATE PROHIBITION
    (12) THE NATURE OF EVERYTHING IN ISLAM WHICH DOES NOT CONTRADICT WITH THE LAWS OF ISLAM IS “MUBAH” THAT IS :”PERMISSIBLE”

    SECTION TWO: THIS SECTION IS VERY IMPORTANT BECAUSE IT CONSISTS OF LINKS TO BOOKS, ARTICLES, VIDEOS ABOUT BIDDAH. KINDLY VISIT THE FOLLOWING LINKS

    SECTION THREE: CONCLUSION

    SECTION ONE:
    (1) INTRODUCTION:
    “The concept of Bid’ah”, it is highly important but at the same time extremely complicated subject and one of the most misunderstood Islamic concepts of this time. By grace of almighty Allah, this article will provide an academic, religious, technical, jurisprudential and theological foundation, in order to understand the reality of Bid’ah and to differentiate between reality & perception.
    “There are always two ways of understanding the Aqida (Islamic faith) , one way is to keep our mind initially empty and try to understand the concept in its total reality with proper comprehension, directly from the holy Quran and Sunnah of holy Prophet (SAW), by removing all kinds of apparent contradictions, then by taking the guidance from the books of world renowned classic Islamic scholars and finally, studying all the authoritative Islamic material relevant directly or indirectly, to the topic of concern. Then we will be able to form our own concept based on holy Quran & Sunnah of holy Prophet (pbuh). The other way to understand an Islamic concept can be, with a mind, which is already preoccupied with self concocted or fabricated concepts. Once, our mind is filled with a self fabricated idea, then, we choose only specific Quranic verses or few selected hadith, which substantiate our self concocted ideas, due to our defective or incomplete knowledge. In this way, we are considering ourselves to be the authority of Islam, which is totally unfair and can be very dangerous for our Iman (Islamic faith).
    “Some people either, due to lack of deep understanding of Islamic concepts or due to lack of comprehensive knowledge of Islam, hide many hadiths of holy Prophet (pbuh), which deal with subject of Bid’ah, from their audience or readers. Unfortunately, the same problem is with the concept of Shir’k. The word Shir’k is applied on many Islamic acts, which specifically or technically speaking, do not come under the category of shirk, they can be right or wrong but, do not fall under the category of Shir’k. By declaring those acts to be Shir’k, which are not Shir’k, they are declaring the person performing those acts to be Mushrik (a non-believer), which means, you are kicking him out of the ambit of Islam and out of ummah of holy Prophet (SAW). In other words, you are throwing him into hell fire and this is a very bad act in Isalm. Same problem is with the concept of Bid’ah, when the so-called scholars with incomplete knowledge of Islam, speak to their audience, regarding the Islamic concepts, the audiences, who are not well verse with Islamic literature, think that the speaker has proved his point through Quran and Sunnah but, they cannot differentiate between right and wrong interpretation of holy Quran and Sunnah of holy Prophet (pbuh). They don’t know that, there are several other verse of holy Quran & hadith of holy Prophet (pbuh) on the same subject, which the speaker is neglecting or hiding due to his partial knowledge of the subject. They don’t know that he is inferring the same concept as established by classical Islamic scholar in the light of holy Quran & Sunnah or he is making his own new concept, which is opposing to the authentic Islamic literature of centuries.
    Let us study and understand this subject from its beginning in the light of holy Quran & Sunnah, with an open mind, so that we can understand the real truth.

    (2) LITERAL OR LINGUISTIC OR LUGHWIYEA MEANING OF BIDDAH
    The word Bid’ah is used in holy Quran, as far as its root is concern. The meaning of Bid’ah, in general, is an innovation, creation, novelty or any new act. The word “Mohdasa” in Arabic has the same meaning as Bid’ah. The subject of Bid’ah has been discussed in the following verse of holy Quran (ch:2, vs:117):
    “He is the One Who has created the heavens and the earth”,
    which means, Allah is one, who has originated the heavens and the earth, He created everything from nothing, which is a Bid’ah. We infer one legal point from this literal discussion that, the words Bad’ah and Bid’ah, in its lingual meanings primarily, has nothing wrong with it, it is not an evil word, had it been an evil word, in its origin, then almighty Allah would never have used “Badi’e” for himself in the holy Quran. Literally speaking Bid’ah is a very vast subject. The verse of holy Quran in which, the Prophet-hood (pbuh) of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and his (pbuh) raising has been introduced to the disbelievers of Makkah (vs: 9 and ch: 46) is:
    “Qul ma kuntu bidam mina rusuli”, which means
    “Say: ‘I am not the first Messenger (towards mankind that no precedent of Messengership exists before me), the Prophets and Messengers have also been coming before me.”
    [FOR MORE INFO, VISIT:
    a) http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/05/video-reality-of-word-innovation-biddah.html
    b) http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/05/urdu-book-application-of-word.html ]
    (3) PROOF OF GOOD BIDDAH FROM HOLY QUR’AN:
    The verse of holy Quran, which gives a comprehensive appreciation of the concept of Bid’ah is in chapter Al-Hadih and verse 27:
    “Then in the footsteps of these Messengers we sent (other) Messengers and We sent ‘Isa son of Maryam (Jesus son of Mary) after them and gave him the Injeel (the Gospel). And We created kindness and mercy in the hearts of those who were (the true) followers (of ‘Isa [Jesus]). And they themselves invented the innovation of monasticism (living the life of a recluse and committing to asceticism and austerity). We did not prescribe it for them. But they (introduced this innovation of monasticism) merely to seek Allah’s pleasure. Then they could not practically keep and maintain that check which was its due (i.e. could not continue its spirit and discipline). So We paid those of them their reward who believed (and continued the innovation of monasticism to seek the pleasure of Allah). And most of them (who left it and changed their ways) are disobedient.”
    The above verse of holy Quran not only mentions about the Bid’ah of Monasticism, introduced by the true followers of Jesus but, it also specified three important things regarding this Bid’ah:

    1. Those who adopted this Bid’ah, were originally the true follower of Esa (Jesus) (as). It was new practice, which they adopted on their own but not based on the holy commandment.

    2. Holy Quran says that they adopted this Bid’ah of Monasticism just for the sake of pleasure of God. If a Bid’ah as a whole was totally to be rejected, then almighty Allah would have never said that, “they did it just to seek the pleasure of Allah”, in the holy Quran.

    3. Quran says “once they adopted this Bid’ah of Monasticism, then, it was necessary for them to fulfill all its conditions.” But, holy Quran says that, most of them could not fulfill all the necessary conditions of Monasticism, it was their own failure.

    4. Then, holy Quran states that “some of them who fulfill the necessary requirement of the Bid’ah of Monasticism, and continue to seek the pleasure of almighty Allah, were rewarded. This way, almighty Allah declared this Bid’ah to be “Bid’ah Hasana”, which means good Invention.
    “So, those who fulfilled the requirements of Bid’ah of Monasticism, got their reward from almighty Allah, it means, a Bid’ah does not necessarily mean a bad Bid’ah, it can also be a good Bid’ah.
    There is an important point to consider here. The practice of monasticism has been abrogated and cancelled in Islam, but the principle contained in this verse of the acceptability of a new act performed with the correct intention and fulfilling certain conditions is not abrogated, but remains. The new practice introduced for the pleasure of Allah, in the principles of Islamic jurisprudence becomes a Bid’ah of guidance; that which violates the laws of Shari’ah becomes a Bid’ah of misguidance .
    Imam Al-Kurtabi Al-Maliki (ra) explains in his book of “Tafseer Al-Kurtabi”, regarding the above verse of holy Quran. He says :
    “As, this Bid’ah of Monasticism was created by the pious people of the ummah of Esa (as) and those who fulfilled all the conditions of this Bid’ah, got their reward from almighty Allah. The above verse of holy Quran clarifies that the hadith which says “all new innovations are Bid’ah and every Bid’ah is an evil act” has some exceptions. This Quranic verse gives us a basic principle that, if anybody invents a good Bid’ah, then, it is mandatory on him to fulfill all its requirements, in order to get the reward from it, the one who deviates from it, will lose his reward.” This is the religious concept of Bid’ah, directly from the holy Quran, which is the highest authority in Islam.”
    No hadith (in its interpretation) can be against any verse of the holy Quran; in fact hadith always verifies and clarifies the holy Quran. Some people claim that every new act in Islam is a bad Bid’ah and to support their claim, they quote the hadith that “The truest of speech is the Book of Allah, the best guidance is that of Muhammad (pbuh) and the worst of things are those which are newly invented. Every newly-invented thing is a Bid‘ah, every Bid‘ah is an evil act, and every evil act will lead to the Hel fire”, these people are completely unaware of the concept of Bid’ah, they simply quote a single hadith and fail to study or understand the rest of the authentic materials available in the form of holy Quran, Sunnah of holy Prophet (pbuh) and books of hundreds of great Islamic authorities, on this subject of Bid’ah. For example, the revelations of new verses of holy Quran in response to the situations, that used to arise, is termed as Bid’ah by holy Quran itself. It comes in holy Quran that “(ch:26 & vs:5):
    “And there does not come to them any new admonition (Mohdasin) and guidance from the Most Kind (Lord) but they turn away from it.”
    The words “Mohdas”, “Mohdasin”, “Mohdasa”, “Al-Ehdaas”, “Hadas” & “Bid’ah” comes from the same root word, if these words were evil words, in its origin, then almighty Allah would have never used them in the holy Quran. Even the word “Hadith” has the same root as “Hadasa”, it means speaking about new things, which is again a Bid’ah. If we neglect the classification of Bi’dah into good & bad and deny the existence of good Bi’dah, then results are going to be very dangerous, Because, this word (Bid’ah) has been applied in the holy Quran.”
    Bid’ah can be bad or good, it depends on various factors like, is it against the basic commandments of holy Quran or in favor of it. There is nothing wrong with the word of Bid’ah, it is just a new thing, as every new thing can wrong or right, it depends on its nature, its impact and the intension of the performer. That’s why; all the classical Islamic scholars classify the Bid’ah into two types, good and bad.
    [ FOR MORE INFO: READ http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/05/urdu-book-kitab-ul-bidat-book-on.html
    http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/05/urdu-book-innovation-views-of-imams-and.html ]

    (4) Even Allama ib’n Taimiyea, who holds the status of an authority of Islam, near Salafi brothers, differentiated the Bid’ah into two kinds, i.e. “Bid’ah Lughwiyea” and “Bid’ah Sharaiyea”:
    If, without created any exception, we say that every new act is a Bid’ah and every Bid’ah is an evil act, then why Allama Ib’n Taimiyea divided the Bid’ah into two types? If anyone asks us, why do you classify Bid’ah into good and bad? Then, we must say, from where did Allama ib’n Taimiyea got the concept of classification of Bid’ah into two? Did holy Prophet (pbuh) classify the Bid’ah into “Bid’ah Lughwiyea” and “Bid’ah Sharaiyea”? If holy Prophet (pbuh) did not classify the Bid’ah into two types, then this classification of Allama ib’n Taimiyea itself becomes a Bid’ah, because none of the companions (as) classify the Bid’ah into “Bid’ah Lughwiyea” and “Bid’ah Sharaiyea”, then how can you classify it? If your classification of Bid’ah, based on genuine reasoning, into “Bid’ah Lughwiyea” and “Bid’ah Sharaiyea” is acceptable, then the classification of Bid’ah, based on Quran and hadith, into “Hasana” and “Saiyeea” is also permissible. Let us apply a uniform principle to all the Islamic concepts. Either we should completely neglect the classification to Bid’ah, if this is the case, then all the minarets of Mosques are to be demolished, because they come under the category of good Bid’ah, or we should accept the classification of Bid’ah, given to us by the great classical Islamic authorities.

    (5) RELIGIOUS & TECHNICAL MEANING OF BID’AH:
    The Religious meaning of Bid’ah can be explained by Imam Ib’n Rajab Al-Hambili (ra), a great Imam of Fiq’h Al-Hambili. He (ra) quotes in his (ra) book Jam’e al-uloom wal-hikam (pg:345) that:
    “Bad Bid’ah is that particular act, which has no root or evidence or reference from the holy Quran, Sunnah of holy Prophet (pbuh) and companions (ra) ,which is either directly or indirectly in support of it.”
    He did not say that “the act which was not performed by holy Prophet (pbuh) or companions (ra) is a bad Bid’ah”. If someone ask you did companions (ra) celebrated birthday of holy Prophet (pbuh)? Ask him a question; did holy Prophet (pbuh) or companions (ra) build domes and minarets of Mosque? If we go with their definition of Bid’ah, then we have to demolish all the minarets of Mosque’s, because neither holy Prophet (pbuh) nor companions (ra) build it.
    Imam Ib’ne Rajab (ra) mentions a hadith of holy Prophet (pbuh) that “if anybody innovates anything, which is misguiding in its nature and against seeking the pleasure of Allah and His Messenger (pbuh), is a bad Bid’ah.”

    It is reported in Bukhari that “One night in the month of Ramadhan, when Umer-Ib’n-Khattab (ra) entered the Mosque-of-Nabivi (saw), he (ra) saw all the companions (ra) were offering the prayers of Taravhi (special prayers in the month of Ramdhan) separately or in the form of small groups, He (ra) said “how good it would be, If I appoint a single Imam for all of you”, so, he (ra) appointed Oba’i-bin-ka’ab (ra) as the Imam of Salat-ut-Taravhi (Prayers of Tahavhi). Next night, when he (ra) entered the Mosque-of-Nabivi (saw), he (ra) said “how good is this Bid’ah!” So, Umer (ra) was the first person in the ummah of holy Prophet (pbuh), who divided the Bid’ah into two types, Na’mal Bid’ah (Good Bid’ah) and Sayyial Bid’ah (Bad Bid’ah)”.
    [FOR MORE INFO ABOUT THIS HADITH, READ : http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/05/urdu-book-kitab-ul-bidat-book-on.html ]
    Imam Rajab (ra) said “sometimes, an act may be a new act but, it can be good for us. It is reported in Sahi Bukhari that Sayyedna Uthamn (ra) innovated the second azhan of Friday prayers, which is another example of good Bid’ah. When hazrath Abdullah (ra) saw this innovation of second azhan, he (ra) said that “this is a Bid’ah (good Bid’ah)”. This means, every new act can be called as Bid’ah, but cannot be called as a bad Bid’ah.
    Again, Imam Rajab (ra) quotes a hadith of Bukhari that “the good Bid’ah of compilation of holy Quran into one single book was done by Sayyedna Uthman (ra). When hundreds of huffaz (the one who memorize the holy Quran) were martyred in defensive wars of Islam, Sayyedna Umer (ra) came to Sayyedna Abu Bak’r (ra) and asked, “O Caliph of Muslims, hundreds of huffaz have been martyred, if it goes in this way, then we cannot preserve the holy Quran (in their hearts), let us compile the holy Quran in the form of one single book, Sayyedna Abu Bak’r said ”O Umer (ra), how can we do an act which holy Prophet (pbuh) did not do, Sayydna Umer (ra) said “By Lord, this act is for good and it is the requirement of today”, then Abu Bak’r (ra) said “ Umer (ra) continued saying those words, until almighty Allah opened my heart for it”, then both of them went to Zaid bin Sabit (ra) and asked him to take the responsibility of compilation of holy Quran into one single book, he (ra) responded in same way, by saying “how can I do an act which holy Prophet (pbuh) did not do?”, they both kept saying “By God, this is for good”, finally almighty Allah opened his (ra) heart, as He opened the hearts of Abu Bak’r (ra) and Umer (ra)” (Ref: Chapter : Kitab-ut-Tafseer & hadith # 40679)
    When some half cooked scholars of Islam, who claim to be authority on Islam, quote the hadith that, “every innovation is a Bid’ah and every Bid’ah is an evil act” and include even celebration of Moulid-un-Nabi (pbuh), celebration of birthdays and kissing hands of Shaykhs into the category of Bid’ah, it means, they are throwing the one who is celebrating Moulid-un-Nabi (saw) into hell fire, which is totally unfair. Some Shayks say, “everything which holy Prophet (pbuh) did not do, is a Bid’ah.” They say it because of their inefficient knowledge of Islam and lack of proper guidance. This is called wrong interpretation of Quran and Sunnah. We must ask them, how many books you have studied about Islam?, In order to comprehend the religion of Islam. There is a hell lot of difference between a teacher and a student of Islam. A student is in learning phase, even if he studies a single book, it is a good achievement for him, but, the one who claims to be an authority of Islam, needs to study hundreds of thousands of books on various subjects of Islam, before claiming to be an authority of Islam. Some people claim to be Salafi today, to declare that Salafi is a school of thought itself is a Bi’dah, because it never existed in the period of holy Prophet (pbuh).”
    There are two stages in understanding the religion of Islam. First stage is pre-opening of heart (state of confusion) and second stage is opening of heart. That’s why, almighty Allah said in the holy Quran that “(O beloved) I opened your heart (for deen-of-Islam)” and that’s why, Musa (as) requested almighty Allah “O Allah, please open my heart for the Deen (religion)”, He (as) meant that, “If my heart is opened, then only I can covey the Islamic teachings to my followers.”
    So, before opening of heart Sayyedna Abu Bak’r (ra) & Zaid bin Sabit (ra) were in the stages of confusion. When almighty Allah opened their hearts, they saw the truth in the light of guidance of almighty Allah. So, those people say that “every innovation is a Bid’ah and every Bid’ah is an evil act, without any exception”, they are still in the sages of confusion, their hearts are not opened yet and they are living in the darkness of misguidance. Inshah Allah (If Allah wills), this article will open the hearts of thousands of Muslims around the world. By grace of almighty Allah, we are in the stage of Noor (light) of guidance of Allah and opening of heart. We think, although, some particular act was not performed in the days of holy Prophet (pbuh), yet it based on a daleel (evidence) from the holy Quran and Sunnah. These acts are substantiated with the love of holy Prophet (pbuh).”
    There are two ways of defining the concept of Bid’ah, either we should define it from our own or we should follow the rules given by the classical authorities of Islam. Before labeling somebody as Bid’ati (the one who performs a Bid’ah), let us first stop and understand what actually is a Bid’ah. Imam Hajr al-Askalani (ra) , who is accepted as an authority, all over the Muslim world, including Saudi Arabia, defines Bid’ah in his famous book Fath-ul-Bari (vol: 13 & pg: 288):
    He (ra) says that “Any new act which has any kind of daleel (evidence) in Shariya (Quran & Sunnah) cannot be termed as Bid’ah. Imam Shafai (ra) also gave the same definition of Bid’ah.”
    Now, let us decide, do you have better understanding of Islam or the great Islamic classical authorities have?”

    (6) TYPES OF BIDDAH:
    Imam Hajr al Askalani (ra) quotes in his book that:
    “Imam Behaki (ra) quotes the definition of Bid’ah in his book, by Imam Shafai (ra), which says that, “Bid’ah is classified into two types, approved or good Bid’ah and bad or disapproved Bid’ah. The Bidah which is not contradicting to Islamic Sharia is good Bid’ah and the Bid’ah which is against the basic principles of Isalmic Sharia is condemned or bad Bid’ah (Ref: pg-2089, vol 13)”.Imam Behaki (ra) further quotes “Imam Shafai (ra) said “Bid’ah are of two types, any innovation which is against any commandment of holy Quran or against any specific hadith of holy Prophet (pbuh) or against the Ijma of companions (ra), is a bad Bid’ah and any Bid’ah, which is not against any commandment of holy Quran or against any specific hadith of holy Prophet (pbuh) or against the Ijma of companions (ra) is a good Bid’ah.” So, according to Imam Shafai (as), in order to claim any new act as a bad Bid’ah, these are the mandatory conditions to be followed. “
    Similar definitions have been expounded by other great classical scholars, such as Imam al-Bayhaqiyy, Imam an-Nawwawiyy, and Izzudin Ibn Abdus-Salaam and Hafiz Ibn Hajar al-Asqalaniyy, among others.
    Izzudin Ibn Abdus-Salaam (one of the greatest mujtahids) categorised innovations into five types: the obligatory (wajib), the recommended (mandub), the permissible (mubah), the offensive (makruh), and the forbidden (haram). Quoted in Muhammad al-Jurdani, al-Jawahir al-lu’lu’iyyah fi sharh al-Arba’in al- Nawawiya (Damascus, 1328), 220-1. Among the obligatory innovations Ibn Abdus-Salaam cites the following examples: recording the Qur’an and the laws of Islam in writing at a time when it was feared they would be lost, studying Arabic Grammar in order to resolve controversies over the Qur’an, and developing philosophical theology (kalam) to refute the claims of the Mu’tazilites. Under recommended innovation come activities such as building madrassas, writing books on beneficial Islamic subjects, and in-depth studies of Arabic linguistics. Permissible innovations include worldly activities such as sifting flour, and constructing houses in various styles not known in Madinah. Reprehensible innovations include overdecorating mosques or the Qur’an. The category of forbidden innovations includes unlawful taxes, giving judgeships to those unqualified to hold them, and sectarian beliefs and practices that explicitly contravene the known principles of the Qur’an and Sunna.
    The vast majority of the classical Scholars of Islam make a distinction between innovations that are acceptable, that may be called innovations of guidance, and those that are not, that may be called innovations of misguidance.
    [FOR MORE INFO ABOUT THE TYPES OF BIDDAH VISIT:
    1) http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/01/categories-of-bidah-innovations-bidats.html
    2) http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/01/bidaat-ki-aqsam-icis-lecture-by-dr.html
    3) http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/01/izz-al-din-b-abd-al-salams.html
    4) http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/01/imam-ash-shafii-on-evil-and-good-bidaah.html
    5) http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/01/sunni-definition-of-bida-as-either-good.html
    6) http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/01/good-bidaah-vs-misguided-bidaah.html
    7) http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/01/did-prophet-muhammadsaw-differentiate.html
    8) http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/05/urdu-book-kitab-ul-bidat-book-on.html
    9) http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/05/urdu-book-kinds-of-innovation-by-dr.html ]

    (7) THE CONCEPT OF BID’AH IN THE HADITH:

    (a) PROOF FROM HADITH
    It is related from the route of Jarir Ibn Abdullah that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said:

    “Whosoever introduced a beneficiary action in Islam will be rewarded for his practice as well as for the practice of the people who follow him, without lessening their reward. Whosoever introduced a bad practice in Islam will take the sin for it as well as the sin of the people who follow him, without lessening their sin.”
    REFERENCES:
    1) Muslim, as-Sahīh b. of zakat (obligatory charity) ch.20 (2:705#1017)
    2) Ahmad bin Hambal, Musnad (4:357 & 359);
    3) Bayhaqī, as-Sunan-ul-kubrā (4:175); and
    4) Ibn Hajar ‘Asqalānī, Fath-ul-bārī (13:302).

    This hadith which is of sound classification is very clear and unambiguous and is a foundation for proving the validity of good innovations in Islam. The criterion used as to whether or not a new action is accepted is that it should be hasanah, or beneficial. If the action is beneficial then there is an immense reward for it.. New introductions that are bad are punished severely. Scholars of Islam have derived the conditions for a new act to be considered beneficial or bad.
    Although the context of this hadith relates to a specific incident during the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam when some companions came forward to offer charity to some poverty-stricken new arrivals at Madinah, the meaning is general. It is not permissible to claim that this Hadith applies only to charity as a general term was used:Whosoever introduced a beneficiary action in Islam. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did not restrict the reward to ‘He who spends in charity.’ It is the rule among the scholars of Islam that if an ayah of hadith was revealed for a specific incident or reason yet a general term were used in it then its application would be general and not restricted to that incident.
    Some people translate the word sunnatan as the specific Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself, instead the general word ‘action’ or ‘practice.’ In other words, whoever revived a Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam will be rewarded etc. However this is a gross mistranslation of the Hadith. It is impossible to differentiate such a thing as a good Sunnah, as all the practices of the Holy Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam were good, and the concept of a ‘bad Sunnah’ for obvious reasons cannot be entertained at all. Therefore it is impossible for this Hadith to apply to the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
    [FOR MORE INFO ABOUT THIS HADITH, VISIT: http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/05/urdu-book-kitab-ul-bidat-book-on.html ]

    (b) CORRECT MEANING OF THE HADITHS “EVERY INNOVATION IS MISGUIDANCE” AND “HE WHO INNOVATES SOMETHING IN THIS MATTER OF OURS THAT IS NOT OF IT WILL HAVE IT REJECTED”:
    The authentic Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam translated as:
    Abstain from innovations, for every kind of innovation is a Bid’ah, and every Bid’ah is misguidance and all misguidance leads to hellfire is often used in an attempt to prove that all new things introduced in Islam are forbidden. This Hadith would apparently contradict with that given above, however one must study the whole Hadith of which this is only a portion, and thus read it in context to the rest. One must also interpret this Hadith according to the other evidence from either the Qur’an or Hadith instead of giving a meaning from our own (mis)understanding.. The whole Hadith is:

    “I command you to have Taqwa, and to be obedient to those appointed leader over you, even if it be an Abysinnian slave. O my companions, those who live after me will, very soon, see a lot of differences among you. Stick to my path and the path of the Rightly Guided Khalifas. Abstain from innovations, for every kind of innovation is a Bid’ah, and every Bid’ah is misguidance and all misguidance leads to hellfire.”

    This Hadith is a warning about events to come very soon after the Prophet’s sallallahu alayhi wa sallam passing on; events characterised by differences among the companions. The Prophet’s advice was to stick to his path and that of the Rightly Guided Khalifas, indicating that there will be differences of opinion against Hazrat Abu Bakr, Hazrat Umar, Hazrat Usman, and Hazrat Ali, and that when these arise, the people should follow them and also the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. In fact, the time immediately after the death of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was a time of great disruption and tribulation for the Muslims. There came several people claiming to be prophets after the Holy Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam who fought against Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique. There were groups of Muslims who denied the paying of Zakat, and there were people who abandoned Islam and challenged the authority of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, becoming apostates. Hazrat Abu Bakr said he would fight those people who claimed to be prophets, who did not pay Zakat or became apostates. After him came people who denied the Kkalifate of Hazrat Usman, and that of Hazrat Ali. The Khwarij sect came about which fought against Hazrat Ali. In all, it was an extremely volatile time. It is clear that the ‘innovations’ mentioned in this Hadith refer to major disruptions that occurred, including people declaring prophethood after the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, people denying the paying of Zakat, and the distorted beliefs of the Khwarij. These were the kinds of ‘innovation’ referred to by the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that were misguidance and therefore leading to Hellfire.

    Further evidence for this comes from another sound Hadith related by Ibn Abbas. The word ‘innovation’ used in the Hadith quoted above is a translation of the word Muhdasa, which is derived from the word Ihdas, meaning disruption. The following Hadith gives us the Prophet’s interpretation of this word:

    “O people, you will be gathered on the Day of Judgement in the same way you were born (naked). The first person to be given the dress of the hereafter will be Hazrat Ibrahim. Some people from my ummah will be brought in front of me, and taken toward hell. I will recognise them and I will say, “These are my companions.” An angel will say, “Don’t you know what kinds of disruption (Ihdasa) they committed after you? Although they embraced Islam in your life, soon after your demise they became apostates and turned towards kufr.”

    This Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam therefore defines what sort of innovation in the Din of Islam is a misguidance, that is something major in the fundamentals or belief system of Islam, typical of those innovations that occurred not long after his time.
    This argument enables us to understand the following Hadith:
    “He who innovates something in this matter of ours that is not of it will have it rejected.” (Agreed)
    The same word Ahdasa is used here which is translated as ‘innovates.’ Using the hadith about the companions sent to Hellfire who committed grave disruptions to interpret the word Ahdasa, the Hadith is also referring to major additions or alterations to the Din of Islam, that are not of it. Another variation of this Hadith related by Muslim is as follows:
    “He who does an act which our matter is not (in agreement) with, will have it rejected.”
    The same word Ahdasa is used here which is translated as ‘innovates.’ Using the hadith about the companions sent to Hellfire who committed grave disruptions to interpret the word Ahdasa, the Hadith is also referring to major additions or alterations to the Din of Islam, that are not of it. Another variation of this Hadith related by Muslim is as follows:
    “He who does an act which our matter is not (in agreement) with, will have it rejected.”

    This Hadith gives us a criterion by which every new act must be judged, namely that it should not go against the Shariah and be compatible with the Qur’an and Sunnah. Therefore every new act is not condemned but rather should be evaluated on its merits to see whether it is in agreement with the Qur’an and Sunnah.

    A final point regarding the interpretation of Hadith needs to be mentioned.. If interpretation is attempted without proper knowledge, one may find apparent contradictions between various Hadith. If one interpreted the last few Hadith as meaning every new act in Islam is a misguidance, this would be in contradiction to the first hadith mentioned about the rewards of introducing beneficial practises into Islam and the punishments for introducing bad practises. All the Hadith mentioned above are of sound classification; in reality, there are no contradictions if the Hadiths are interpreted properly. This is what the great Scholars of Islam have done. By interpreting correctly and with proper knowledge, they have conformed and bridged the meanings between the Hadith. This concept is very well known in the science of Hadith exegesis, for example, takhsis al-amm is a frequent procedure of usul al-fiqh by which an apparently unqualified statement is qualified to avoid the contradiction of another necessary principle.
    [FOR MORE INFO VISIT:
    1) http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/01/video-drtahir-ul-qadri-exposing-real.html
    2) http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/01/categories-of-bidah-innovations-bidats.html
    3) http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/05/urdu-book-kitab-ul-bidat-book-on.html ]

    (8) EXPLAINING THE VERSE OF SURAH AL MAIDA QURAN [5:3] ABOUT THE PERFECTION AND COMPLETION OF THE DEEN:
    “Today I have perfected your din for you, completed My Blessing upon you, and have chosen for you Islam (as) din”
    [Qur’an 5:3]
    It means that Islamic Aqeeda is completed now. Any addition in Islamic beliefs [aqeeda] will be considered an evil innovation. Where as innovation in Fiqh or Hadiths [branch of sciences of hadiths , Fiqh is a new innovation as well] is a Good innovation and mustahab in most cases. Ahlus sunnah wa jammah interpret Quran and hadith is correct way so there no contradiction is present between the two. Unlike others.
    When Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) appeared, the Islamic laws were made most comprehensive in the shape of Quran. Before that, the scriptures of other prophets did not contain so much details. The basics of Islam were completed during Prophet’s (SAWS) time. If a scientist tells us more details about the solar system and discovers new planets which were unknown to us, it will be treated as the development of science. But if someone says that the Sun has hands and eyes and ears, but these are not visible and not similar to human beings, he will be treated as a innovator, liar, because he is reporting against the fact of the matter. The same rules apply in religion. The basic faith of Islam is Allah (SWT) is one, independent and everything else is dependent upon Him. He is free from the limitations of face, body, limbs and direction. If a group of people say that Allah (SWT) has hands, eyes and face and other limitations, they will be treated as liars and will be counseled to change their attitude and come back to the truthful teachings of Islam. If they do not heed to the good counsel, they will see the consequence of their beliefs on the Day of Judgment.
    Imam Ibn Kathir writes that the meaning of this verse is that:
    “…they do not need any other religion or any other Prophet except Muhammad (peace & blessings be upon him)…Therefore, the permissible is what he allows, the impermissible is what he prohibits” [Tafsir ibn Kathir, under Qur’an 5:3]
    What Ibn Kathir means here is the same, that do not invent new things which are contradictory to the Qur’an and Sunnah, by making haram into halal and vice versa, and follow the Prophet (peace & blessings be upon him) for he has made things clear.

    Thus “an innovation would become a bad Bid’ah only, when it is in contradiction to any specific commandment of the holy Quran or specific hadith of holy Prophet (pbuh), in all other cases, the Bid’ah is termed as a good Bid’ah. Celebration of Moulid-un Nabi (SAW), U’rs and birthdays comes under the category of good Bid’ah, they cannot termed as bad Bid’ah, because, they do not contradict with any of the commandments of holy Quran and Hadith.”

    There is an oft repeated concept held by some Muslims today, that any practice in religion that was not done by the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam or his companions should be rejected because our deen is completed. However one must go beyond slogans and oversimplifications and reach a correct opinion by examining the facts based upon the Qur’an and Sunnah. As we have seen, new practices are not rejected, but are accepted and even rewarded. However, the practice concerned should be compatible with the dictates of the Shari’ah, otherwise it will be rejected. The opinion of those who condemn any new act without qualification comes from a misunderstanding of the sources of the Qur’an and Hadith, for example by quoting passages out of context or without the true meaning. It is apparent that the classical scholars, who probably had a greater knowledge of Qur’anic or Hadith exegesis than any living person today decreed that newly introduced practices are allowed as long as they do not contradict the Qur’an or Sunnah. This stands in marked contrast to the opinion of many so-called learned people today. They should be careful of condemning an act as Haraam or prohibited if it is not specifically prohibited by the Qur’an or Sunnah, as judging a permissible act as Haraam may lead to Shirk. In fact, the introduction of new things into the deen ensures that Islam can apply itself to any given time and situation because ISLAM IS A PERFECT DEEN (As Allah swt said: “Today I have perfected your din for you, completed My Blessing upon you, and have chosen for you Islam (as) din” [Qur’an 5:3]) , and some new things have even been essential for its preservation and propagation.

    [FOR MORE INFO VISIT: http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2012/07/video-concept-of-bidah-in-light-of_01.html ]

    (9) REFUTING THE CLAIM THAT BIDDAH IN DEEN IS NOT ALLOWED WHEREAS WORLDLY BIDDAH IS ALLOWED:

    (a) FIRST REFUTATION:
    If, without created any exception, we say that every new act is a Bid’ah and every Bid’ah is an evil act, then why you divided the Bid’ah into two types i.e. “biddah in deen” and “biddah in worldly matters”? If anyone asks us, why do you classify Bid’ah into good and bad? Then, we must say, from where did you got the concept of classification of Bid’ah into two? Did holy Prophet (pbuh) classify the Bid’ah into “biddah in deen” and “biddah in worldly matters”? If holy Prophet (pbuh) did not classify the Bid’ah into two types, then this classification of yours itself becomes a Bid’ah, because none of the companions (as) classify the Bid’ah into “biddah in deen” and “biddah in worldly matters”, then how can you classify it? If your classification of Bid’ah, based on genuine reasoning, into “biddah in deen” and “biddah in worldly matters” is acceptable, then the classification of Bid’ah, based on Quran and hadith, into “Hasana” and “Saiyeea” is also permissible. Let us apply a uniform principle to all the Islamic concepts. Either we should completely neglect the classification to Bid’ah, if this is the case, then all the minarets of Mosques are to be demolished, because they come under the category of good Bid’ah, or we should accept the classification of Bid’ah, given to us by the great classical Islamic authorities.

    (b) SECOND REFUTATION:
    Bid’ah actually means to alter the Islamic Law or Shari’ah i.e when the ruling has already given as Shari’ah for any worldy or relgious matter but now to force or believe in a different ruling than given by Shari’ah or anyone opposing this ruling from their own will or to consider this wrong ruling as the rightful decision or to agree with it, is Muhdath (new thing) and every Muhdath is Bid’ah. In this regard there exists no difference between worldly or religious matter (like to deceive some people say that worldly affairs are not Bid’ah but only religious affairs like celeberating Mawlid etc are Bid’ah) despite the fact that Allah ‘Azzawajallah already gave ruling about every matter of world or religion and the Shari’ah Rulings (Classification) about various religious or worldly actions are: Fard (Compulsory) Wajib (Essential) Sunnatul Mu-akkida (and Sunnat Ghair Mu’akkida and Mustahab) Aula (Preferred) Haram (Forbidden) Makro’ah Tahreemi (near to Haram) Asa’at (Makrooh Tanzeehi and Khilafe Aula) Mubah (permissible) Any of the above Shari’ah order is sufficient enough for all the things in universe, their usage or rejection; and all the beliefs, their approval or disapproval; and all religious matters, their allowance or disallowance; and for all such matters any Shari’ah Ruling is already present which be evident and proved by four Shari’ah sources, in their general or special terms. This statement is proven by Qur’an, Hadith and various great books of Islamic Jurisprudence (Fiqah). There is a Hadith which states: Hazrat Salman Farsi (May Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Non-Muslims asked him “Does your Prophet (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) guide you about everything, even tells you how to answer call of nature?” He replied “Yes” (Muslim, V1, Page 130) i.e. Hazrat Salman Farsi replied “He teaches us everything including how to answer call of nature.”
    Thus it is proven that all the matters (religious or worldly or new or old) of this universe are included in that statement by companion of Prophet (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), it doesn’t matter whether they were already apparent in that time or not; and even if these matters have appeared now or some time before, the Shari’ah Rulings (classification) about all matters (religious or worldly or new or old) is already present in anycase whatsoever.

    (c) THIRD REFUTATION:
    People mistranslate the Arabic word “DEEN” in English as “RELIGION”.
    The word religion is used in English language only to denote a set of beliefs about God whereas the Arabic word “DEEN” includes religious life as well as the worldly life because ISLAM IS THE COMPLETE WAY OF LIFE!!! THUS THERE IS NO SUCH CLASSIFICATION EXISTS AS “BIDDAH IN WORLDLY MATTERS” AND “BIDDAH IN DEEN” BECAUSE “BIDDAH IN DEEN” INCLUDES “BIDDAH IN WORDLY MATTERS”.

    (d) FOURTH REFUTATION:
    According to there saying, biddah in worldly matters is allowed, so my question is that, “ARE ALL WORLDLY INNOVATIONS PERMISSIBLE??”
    Worldly innovations includes some good things and some bad things. So are those bad worldly innovations are permissible ?? any logical person will reply by saying “NO”. So now according to them also only good worldly innovations are permissible and they themselves rejects bad worldly innovations. THATS WHAT WE SAY THAT THERE EXISTS TWO TYPES OF INNOVATIONS: “GOOD INNOVATIONS” AND “BAD INNOVATIONS”. Hence there classification is not general and is bias!
    THEREFORE THE VALID AND THE GENERAL CLASSIFICATION OF BIDDAH IS: “GOOD BIDDAH” AND “BAD BIDDAH”

    (e) FIFTH REFUTATION:

    This refutation is by Mufti Ahmad Yar Khan Naimi. He wrote an article on biddah which can be read from here : http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/01/innovation-bidat-in-islam-ja-al-haq.html

    Following is an extract from the article:
    To emplace the restriction of a religious action is only on your part and is contrary to the Sahih Ahadith and rulings of the Ulama and Muhadditheen. The Hadith states, “Every new work is an Innovation (Bidat).’ 7.51 – Mishkaat, Baabul-Itisaam
    There is no limitation of religious or worldly here. We have already presented the extracts from Ashiatul-Lam’aat and Mirqaat wherein it is stated that there is no restriction of a deeni work. We have also produced extracts from Mirqaat and Shaami in the first chapter of this discussion in which the authors of these works have included good food and clothes, etc. amongst the Permissible Innovation. These things are all worldly related but were included. Thus, to emplace such a restriction is incorrect. Hypothetically, even if it is accepted that there is a limitation of a religious work in Innovation, a religious work is only that action through which thawaab is attained. Mustahab, Nafil, Waajib and Fardh acts are all regligious works because a person completes them for reward, and any worldly work done with the intention of goodness causes thawaab to be attained. The Ahadith state, “Meeting your Muslim brother cheerfully carries with it the reward of Sadaqah; Nurturing your children brings reward if done with the intention of Goodness; Even the morsel of food with which you feed your spouse is reward.”7.52.
    Thus, every worldly action of a Muslim is a religious work. Now answer the question: Is feeding people palau (a rise dish) with a good intention Innovation or not? Also, placing the restriction of regligious work is not beneficial to you as well, because the Mzdrassah of Deoband, its timetable and syllabus of Hadith, giving a salary to the teachers of the institution, coordinating holidays and examinations, placing zabar, zer and pesh in the Holy Quran, printing Bukhari Sharif and the Holy Quran, making the Khatme-Bukhari at the time of any problem (as practiced by Darul Uloom Deoband), etc, are all religious works and Innovation. None of these things occurred in the time of The Holy Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم. Answer: Are these things Halaal or Haraam? What did Meelad and Fatiha ever do to you that you deem them to be Haraam “because they weren’t in the time of Rasoolullah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم “? They are deemed as Haraam but the abovementioned things are all Halaal?
    In my debate with Maulwi Thanaullah Amritsari, I challenged him and his fraternity of “Scholars” to define only four things correctly and in such a manner that no objection can be raised. The four were: Innovation (bidat), Polytheism (shirk), Religion (deen) and Worship (ibaadat). Ifhe could do this, I would grant him any reward he wished from me.
    Having trust in Allah عزوجل , I say that no Deobandi, Ghair-Muqallid (refuter of the Four Imams رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ ) or person who throws around the words “Bidet” and “Shirk” can define these four things while also saving their muzhab from any criticism due to these definitions.
    Even today, every Deobandi and Ghair-Muqallid is challenged to define these four things, showing how Meelad gatherings become Haraam while taking out the magazine “Qaasim” and “Ahle-Hadith” remains Halaal; how asking the Friends of Allahعزوجل for help is polytheism (shirk) but asking from the police is completely in accordance to the laws of Islam. Insha-Allah they will not (and never will) be able to define these things in such a manner. Thus, they should make tauba from this baseless muzhab of theirs and enter the Ahle-Sunnah wal-Jamaat. May Allah عزوجل grant them the ability to do so.
    With regards to the Hadith that you presented, we have already submitted that ‘Maa’ can refer to either beliefs or, if to deeds, then by ‘Laisa minhoo’ it refers to those deeds and actions which are contrary to the deen or Sunnah. We have already presented the reference for this.
    Saying that every Innovation is Haraam and that there is no such thing as Good Innovation is contrary to the presented Hadith which states, “He who invents a good practice is worthy of reward and he who invents a bad practice is worthy of punishment.” Extracts of Shaami, Ashiatul-Lam’aat and Mirqaat which state that there are five types of Innovation (Mubah, Waajib, Mustahab, Makrooh and Haraam) have already been given. So, if it is accepted that every Innovation is Haraam, you should do away with Madrassahs because they are included here.
    Also, Fiqhi laws and practices of the Sufiya that originated after the Khairul ­Quroon (era of the Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلمand two generations after him) will all become Haraam. All things mentioned above (e.g. Imaane-Mujmal and Mufassal, the gathering of Hadith into book form, criticizing their Chain of Narrators, etc) will all become Bidat because they all originated after the time of Rasoolullah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم and even the Sahaaba. No Deobandi can show proof of these things in the Quran and Hadith. In short, there is no practice of the Shariah and Tareeqah that doesn’t include Innovation (Bidal).
    Maulwi Ismail Dehlwi writes, “Also, regarding the elders of Tareeqah, though they strived in fixing Azkaar, Muraaqabat, Riyaazat and Mujaahidat (practices of Tareeqah) which form the base of Sainthood (Wilaayat), they also acted upon knowing that there are appropriate practices for every time and that the method of Riyaazat would be different according to every era.” – Siraate-Mustaqeem, Pg. 7
    This quote proves that the practices of Tasawwuf (Islamic spiritualism) are the inventions of the Sufiya, are changed according to every time and era and are permissible. In fact, the path of Sulook (practical Tareeqah) is treaded upon with only these, so now what happened to the rule that “every new thing is Haraam”? In the end, we have to conclude that the action which goes against the Sunnah is bad and all others which don’t are good and acceptable.

  2. (10) REFUTING THE CLAIM THAT ACTS OF THE KHALIFAS ARE NOT PROOF OF THE BIDDAH BECAUSE THEY BECAME THE SUNNAH OH KHALIFAS:
    This refutation is by Mufti Ahmad Yar Khan Naimi. He wrote an article on biddah which can be read from here : http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/01/innovation-bidat-in-islam-ja-al-haq.html

    (11) OMISSION DOES NOT INDICATE PROHIBITION:

    Some people normally say, “The Messenger did not do that,” “It is not established that the Messenger did that,” and “The Messenger did not celebrate the Mawlid”, and he deduces prohibition from the fact that the Messenger did not do that. We ask, “Does omission indicated prohibition?”
    The noble Hadith scholar, Abul Fadl `Abdullah Muhammad ibn al-Siddiq al-Ghumari
    wrote in a book called, Excellent Understanding and Perception of the Question of Omission:
    “Omission means that the Prophet omitted something and did not do it, or that the Salaf omitted it without there being a Hadith or tradition about the prohibition of that omitted thing which would demand that it is prohibited or disliked. Man later people use that as proof of the prohibition or censure of things, and some obstinate individuals go to excess in that.”

    When the Messenger omitted something, that can imply things other than prohibition. He may have omitted it by his custom, as he did not eat lizards. He may have omitted it by forgetting it, like forgetfulness in the prayer. He may have omitted it out of the fear of imposing something on his community, like not doing the tarawih prayer. He may have
    omitted it by not thinking of it. So the Messenger spoke on a palm trunk and did not think about using a chair until the Companions suggested that a minbar be made and then he did that. Or he may have omitted it out of fear of having a negative effect on the hearts of the Companions or some of them, as he said to `A’isha, “Were it not that
    your people were recently unbelievers, I would have demolished the House and then rebuilt it on the foundations of Ibrahim ” as we find in the two Sahih Collections.

    So omission alone, if not accompanied by a text that what was omitted is forbidden, does not constitute proof. This verdict is not derived from the mere fact of omission on its own. It is derived from evidence which indicates that.

    Abu Sa`id ibn Lubb said:

    “Those who dislike supplication at the end of the prayer rely on the fact that the supplication at the end of the prayer rely on the fact that the supplication was unknown at the end of the prayers, necessitating the interpretation: since it was not part of the action of the Salaf. Based on the assumption of the soundness of this transmission, omission does not oblige a ruling about what is omitted other than the fact that it is permitted to omit it and there is no interdiction in it. As for connecting prohibition or dislike to the omission, that is not the case, especially
    when it has a basis in the Shari`ah, as supplication does.”

    In al-Muhalla pt. 2, p. 254, Ibn Hazm mentioned the evidence of the Malikis and Hanafis for it being disliked to pray two rak’at before Maghrib along with the verdict of Ibrahim al-Nakha’i since Abu Bakr , `Umar and `Uthman did not pray it. He replied to them:

    “If it were sound, there still would be no proof in it because it does not say that they were forbidden that.”

    Evidence that omission does not indicate prohibition:

    Part of the evidence is what Ibn al-Siddiq al-Ghumari says about omission not entailing prohibition.
    1. Allah Almighty, “Whatever the Messenger gives you, you should accept and whatever He forbids you, you should forgo.” (59:7). HE DID NOT SAY,“LEAVE WHAT HE LEFT.”
    2. The Messenger of Allah said, “When I command you to do something, then do it as much as you can. When I forbid you to do something, then leave off doing it.” HE DID NOT SAY, “AVOID WHAT OMIT.” HOW THEN DOES OMISSION INDICATE PROHIBITION?
    3. The Usulis define the Sunnah as the words of the Prophet his actions and his affirmation. THEY DID NOT INCLUDE HIS OMISSION BECAUSE IT IS NOT EVIDENCE.
    4. Omission can have categories other than prohibition. The rule in the usul is that something which is theoretical is not used for conclusion. We do not say that what the Messenger did not do, like celebrating the Mawlid, is haram because that is forging against Allah since omission does not necessitate prohibition. Al-Shaf`i said, “ALL THAT HAS A SOURCE IN THE SHARI`AH IS NOT INNOVATION, EVEN IF THE SALAF DID NOT DO IT.” So if someone forbids celebrating the Mawlid of the Prophet with the claim that is innovation, we argue with him with what we said, followed by the words, of Allah, “Say: ‘Has Allah given you authority to do this or are you inventing lies against Allah?” (10:59)

    Omission is not a proof in our Shari`ah.
    It does not demand prohibition or make mandatory.
    Whoever desires prohibition by the omission
    of our Prophet and sees it as true judgment and correct
    Has been misguided from the path of all proofs.
    He errs in the sound ruling and fails.

    (12) THE NATURE OF EVERYTHING IN ISLAM WHICH DOES NOT CONTRADICT WITH THE LAWS OF ISLAM IS “MUBAH” THAT IS :”PERMISSIBLE”
    The nature of everything in Islam which does not contradict with the laws of Islam is “mubah” that is :”permissible”! Some people object that why are you doing this or that?? Did the Prophet (pbuh) performed this act? If not then this act is not permissible in Islam. My reply to them is “..in Islam if something is not prohibited then it is permissible. That is to say, The nature of everything in Islam which does not contradict with the laws of Islam is “mubah” that is :permissible. So if you say that this act of mine is not performed by the Prophet (pbuh), then it does not mean that it is prohibited. And why i should prove to you that this act is permissible, when we already know that The nature of everything in Islam which does not contradict with the laws of Islam is “mubah” that is :permissible? So according to this nature, performance of my act is permissible. And if you are saying that it is not permissible in Islam then now its your duty to prove that it is not permissible instead of asking me the proofs. And you can not prove its impermissibility because this act of mine does not contradicts with any laws of Islam. HENCE THE PERFORMANCE OF MINE THIS ACT IS VALID AND PERMISSIBLE!!!”
    [For more info on this, read from here: http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/05/urdu-book-kitab-ul-bidat-book-on.html ]

    SECTION TWO: THIS SECTION IS VERY IMPORTANT BECAUSE IT CONSISTS OF LINKS TO BOOKS, ARTICLES, VIDEOS ABOUT BIDDAH. KINDLY VISIT THE FOLLOWING LINKS:

    Who Are The Ahlul Bid’ah?
    http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2012/07/who-are-ahlul-bidah.html

    VIDEO: Concept of Bid’ah (In the Light of Qur’an and Sunna) by Dr. Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri : Session One {ABOUT TWO HOURS}
    http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2012/07/video-concept-of-bidah-in-light-of.html

    VIDEO: Concept of Bid’ah (In the Light of Qur’an and Sunna) by Dr. Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri : Session Two [ EXPLAINING THE VERSE OF SURAH MAIDA QURAN 5:3] {ABOUT TWO HOURS}
    http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2012/07/video-concept-of-bidah-in-light-of_01.html

    VIDEO: Extract | Concept of Bidah’ 3rd Session, 11 December, 2011 Canada [ABOUT ONE HOUR]
    http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2008/12/video-extract-concept-of-bidah-3rd.html

    VIDEO: History of Mawlid-un-Nabi* Legality of Mawlid (Celebration and Concept of Bidah) [ABOUT 3 HOURS 30 MINUTES]
    http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/05/video-history-of-mawlid-un-nabi.html

    VIDEO: Reality of word “Innovation” (Biddah)
    http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/05/video-reality-of-word-innovation-biddah.html

    VIDEO: Biddat Bukhari ki roo sey BY DR. TAHIR UL QADIRI [ABOUT 16 MINUTES]
    http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2012/07/video-biddat-bukhari-ki-roo-sey-by-dr.html

    URDU BOOK: KITAB UL BIDAT (BOOK ON INNOVATIONS) BY DR. TAHIR UL QADIRI [PAGES: 519]
    http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/05/urdu-book-kitab-ul-bidat-book-on.html

    URDU BOOK: The Application of the Word ‘Innovation’ BY DR. TAHIR UL QADIRI [PAGES: 224]
    http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/05/urdu-book-application-of-word.html

    URDU BOOK: The Kinds of Innovation BY. DR. TAHIR UL QADIRI [PAGES: 128]
    http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/05/urdu-book-kinds-of-innovation-by-dr.html

    URDU BOOK: Innovation: Views of the Imams and Hadith-Scholars [PAGES: 136]
    http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/05/urdu-book-innovation-views-of-imams-and.html

    Innovation and Creativity In Islam
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    The meaning of the words of `Umar : “An excellent innovation” ABOUT TARAWEEH PRAYERS
    http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/05/meaning-of-words-of-umar-excellent.html

    ENGLISH BOOK: UNDERSTANDING IMAM AL SHATIBI’S VIEW ABOUT BIDDAH : THE ABSOLUTE TRUTH ABOUT SUNNAH AND BIDAH [PAGES: 18]
    http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/05/english-book-understanding-imam-al.html

    EXPLAINING THE VERSE OF SURAH AL MAIDA QURAN [5:3] ABOUT THE PERFECTION AND COMPLETION OF THE DEEN
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    REFUTING THE CLAIM THAT BIDDAH IN DEEN IS NOT ALLOWED WHEREAS WORLDLY BIDDAH IS ALLOWED
    http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/05/refuting-claim-that-biddah-in-deen-is.html

    REFUTING THE CLAIM THAT ACTS OF THE KHALIFAS ARE NOT PROOF OF THE BIDDAH BECAUSE THEY BECAME THE SUNNAH OH KHALIFAS
    http://mrehan786.blogspot.in/2011/05/refuting-claim-that-acts-of-khalifas.html

    The Concept of Bid`ah -Compiled by Dr. Zahid Iqbal from works of shaykh-ul-islam dr.tahir-ul-qadri
    http://mrehan786.blogspot.com/2011/01/concept-of-bidah-compiled-by-dr-zahid.html

    Categories of Bidah [innovations, bidats] in Islam :Every innovation Bidah is not bad
    http://mrehan786.blogspot.com/2011/01/categories-of-bidah-innovations-bidats.html

    INNOVATION (BIDAT) IN ISLAM —Ja-Al Haq (Beliefs of AhleSunnah)
    http://mrehan786.blogspot.com/2011/01/innovation-bidat-in-islam-ja-al-haq.html

    Bidaat ki Aqsam (ICIS Lecture) – BY DR. TAHIR UL QADIRI
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    VIDEO : Concept of Bidat البدعة Bidah بدعت in Islam – A very Concise & Brief Answer ! -BY DR. TAHIR UL QADIRI
    http://mrehan786.blogspot.com/2011/01/video-concept-of-bidat-bidah-in-islam.html

    VIDEO ; Dr.Tahir-ul-Qadri Exposing Real Bidaties (Wahabies-Khawarjies) of Islam [Short QA]
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    ʿIzz al-Dīn b. ʿAbd al-Salām’s Categorization of the Term “Bidʿa” and the Distinction Between its Lexical and Legal Definitions
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    Imam Ash-Shafi’i on Evil and Good Bida’ah: A Refutation of the Pseudo-Salafi Weakening of His Narration
    http://mrehan786.blogspot.com/2011/01/imam-ash-shafii-on-evil-and-good-bidaah.html

    “Drums of Bidah”
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    THE NOVELTIES ENGLISH VERSION OF “Na’iy Na’iy Batain” By Prof. Dr. Muhammad Mas’ud Ahmad M.A, Ph.D
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    The Sunni Definition of Bid`a As Either Good or Bad BY GF Haddad
    http://mrehan786.blogspot.com/2011/01/sunni-definition-of-bida-as-either-good.html

    Good Bida’ah vs Misguided Bida’ah
    http://mrehan786.blogspot.com/2011/01/good-bidaah-vs-misguided-bidaah.html

    BID’AH: PERCEPTION & REALITY
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    What is Biddah – LET US CORRECT OUR ISLAMIC FAITH
    http://mrehan786.blogspot.com/2011/01/what-is-biddah-let-us-correct-our.html

    Deoband and Biddah
    http://mrehan786.blogspot.com/2011/01/deoband-and-biddah.html

    Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali’s understanding of Bid’ah
    http://mrehan786.blogspot.com/2011/01/ibn-rajab-al-hanbalis-understanding-of.html

    Bid’ah According to the Understanding of Traditional Islam
    http://mrehan786.blogspot.com/2011/01/bidah-according-to-understanding-of.html

    To Bid’ah or Not To Bid’ah
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    Bid’ah – Innovation in Islam
    http://mrehan786.blogspot.com/2011/01/bidah-innovation-in-islam.html

    Concept of Bid’a in Sharia’ by Nuh Ha Mim Keller
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    DID PROPHET MUHAMMAD(SAW) DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN GOOD AND BAD BIDAH?
    http://mrehan786.blogspot.com/2011/01/did-prophet-muhammadsaw-differentiate.html

    Who is the first “BIDDATI” in Islamic History?
    http://mrehan786.blogspot.com/2011/01/who-is-first-biddati-in-islamic-history.html

    SECTION THREE: CONCLUSION:
    With the concept of Bid’ah being clarified somewhat, the reader may want to know what practices fall with the domains of innovations of guidance, which are permissible and rewarded, and innovations of misguidance, which are forbidden and punishable. For innovations of guidance, it would be fair to say that every single Muslim practices these innovations, knowingly or otherwise, and the list is long. A few examples have been mentioned above.
    For examples of innovations of misguidance it would be useful to look at the aforementioned Hadith about Bid’ah referring to the time soon after the death of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam when there came false prophets, apostates and people who did not pay Zakat. Therefore, if one were to declare or follow another prophet after the Holy Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam this would be an innovation of misguidance. Following on from this, any change in the major beliefs and tenets of Islam would be in the same category. This could include for example, denying the attributes of Allah, denying the existence of angels etc. Any change in the basic practises of Islam would also be an innovation of misguidance, such as reducing or increasing the number of salaats in a day or changing the number of rakaats, fasting on forbidden days. Decreeing those things that are Halaal as Haraam or vice versa would also be an innovation of misguidance as would be adding verses to the Qur’an or falsifying Hadith. As can be seen these are major sins and lead to Shirk and even Kufr. These things are not necessarily far-fetched as they seem as the history of Islam bears witness to a number of stray sects of Islam that adopted certain of these practices and beliefs.

    There is an oft repeated concept held by some Muslims today, that any practice in religion that was not done by the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam or his companions should be rejected as it is a misguidance and therefore punishable in Hellfire. However one must go beyond slogans and oversimplifications and reach a correct opinion by examining the facts based upon the Qur’an and Sunnah. As we have seen, new practices are not rejected, but are accepted and even rewarded. However, the practice concerned should be compatible with the dictates of the Shari’ah, otherwise it will be rejected. The opinion of those who condemn any new act without qualification comes from a misunderstanding of the sources of the Qur’an and Hadith, for example by quoting passages out of context or without the true meaning. It is apparent that the classical scholars, who probably had a greater knowledge of Qur’anic or Hadith exegesis than any living person today decreed that newly introduced practices are allowed as long as they do not contradict the Qur’an or Sunnah. This stands in marked contrast to the opinion of many so-called learned people today. They should be careful of condemning an act as Haraam or prohibited if it is not specifically prohibited by the Qur’an or Sunnah, as judging a permissible act as Haraam may lead to Shirk. In fact, the introduction of new things into the deen ensures that Islam can apply itself to any given time and situation, and some new things have even been essential for its preservation and propagation.
    Thus “AN INNOVATION WOULD BECOME A BAD BID’AH ONLY, WHEN IT IS IN CONTRADICTION TO ANY SPECIFIC COMMANDMENT OF THE HOLY QURAN OR SPECIFIC HADITH OF HOLY PROPHET (PBUH), IN ALL OTHER CASES, THE BID’AH IS TERMED AS A GOOD BID’AH. CELEBRATION OF MOULID-UN NABI (SAW), METHODS OF ESAAL E SAWAAB (LIKE NIYAAZ, FATIHA, DASWA, BEESWA,TEEJA, CHALISWA), U’RS AND BIRTHDAYS COMES UNDER THE CATEGORY OF GOOD BID’AH, THEY CANNOT TERMED AS BAD BID’AH, BECAUSE, THEY DO NOT CONTRADICT WITH ANY OF THE COMMANDMENTS OF HOLY QURAN AND HADITH.”
    AND ALLAH SWT KNOWS THE BEST!

    BY MREHAN786
    http://www.mrehan786.blogspot.in/
    JOIN ME AT FACEBOOK :Mrehan/Mrehan786(official) http://www.facebook.com/pages/MrehanMrehan786official/195921380485419

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