Begining of the Khawarij in Islam (the history)

Beginning of Khawarij in Islam (The History)
by Zarlish Khan Afridi on Thursday, August 23, 2012 at 1:12pm ·

Many people ask me question that is there any proof that when khawarij exists in the Islamic Society. Here is the answer, but this is only short introduction, I am contineously reading and researching on this issue and soon insha-Allah full information and article will be updated on my blog .





The origins of Kharijism date back to the time of the Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم).


Amongst the clearest indications we have of this is the Hadith in Bukhari and Muslim.After the Battle of Hunain the Prophet (s) – in distributing the booty – gave preference to a number of non-Muslims. His aim was to attract them to Islam Hurqus ibn Zuhair. rebuked the Prophet (s) by saying to him: “Be just in your distribution O Messenger of Allah.”The Prophet was incensed by this remark and responded by saying:”Then who can be called just if I am not just?”


To this the Prophet added:


“There will come a time when a group of people will leave our ranks. They will recite the Quran with fervour and passion (lit. “With tongues that are moist”.) but its spirit will not go beyond their throats. They will leave our ranks in the manner of an arrow when it shoots from its bow.”


Points from above hadith:


This man objected to the decision of prophet and showed his preference over the decision of prophet. He showed disrespect to the prophet. He rebelled against the Prophet (sallallaahualaihi wasallam) in the sense that accused him of treachery. ( He is counted amongst the Kafir and not as a companion( sahaba) of the prophet). He is considered the first of the Kharij (the Seceders” or “the Rebels )to arise in Islam. The root of his sickness was that he preferred his own opinion above that of the Prophet . If he had waited to hear what the Prophet had to say, he would have realized that no opinion can be given precedence over that of The Prophet (s) .


He went against the Command of Allah subhanhu wa tala.


Say, (O Muhammad, to mankind): If ye love Allah, follow me; Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. ( Quran , 3: 31)


He who obeys the Messenger, obeys Allah. But if any turn away, We have not sent thee to watch over their (evil deeds). “( Quran 4 : 80).



The Battle of Siffin (very important development)


It is significant that this selfsame Hurqus was elected as one of the heads of the Kharijites after the Battle of Siffin.


The Battle of Siffin was a battle between two groups of muslims. Sayyidna Ali(rd) on the one side and Sayyidna Muawiyyah(rd) on the other side. Many Companions on both sides were disheartened by this conflict. The necessity, therefore, for arbitration between the two parties was felt. The proposal was accepted by both parties with Abu Musa al-Ash’ari representing Sayyidna Ali (r) and ‘Amr ibn al-As (r) representing Sayyidna Muawiyyah (r).


When the pact was read out by ibn Qais a large group on the side of Sayyidna Ali objected to its terms. Most of the members of this group belonged to the Bedouin tribe of Tamim.


Their spokesperson on the occasion was Urwa ibn Udaiyya. He said: “Are men to arbitrate in the affairs of Allah? There can be no arbitration except by Allah.”In support of his view he quoted the following Quranic passage: “The prerogative of command rests with none but Allah. He declares the truth and he is the best of judges” (6:57).



Sayyidna Ali’s response to this was typical:”There is a word of truth in what they say,” he said, “but their ends are devious.”


Urwa, along with 12,000 others, then seceded from the party of Sayyidna Ali. Initially they set up camp at a place called Harawra on the outskirts of Kufa. Here they elected Abdullah ibn al-Kawwa as their head. Sayyidna Ali pursued them and engaged them in debate. Ibn al-Kuwwa conceded to Sayyidna Ali’s arguments and he, along with a few others, returned to his ranks.The rest of the Kharijites then left for Nahrawan. Here they elected Abdullah ibn Wahb al-Rasibi and the above-mentioned Hurqus ibn Zuhair as their leaders.


It is interesting to note here that al-Rasibi was known for his fervour in reciting the Quran and was also nicknamed Dhu al-Thafanat (the one whose kneecaps appeared like two humps of a camel because of the intense and extended nature of his prostration in Salaah).


Nevertheless, on their way to Nahrawan, they encountered Abdullah ibn Khabbaab al-Aratt, one of the governors of Sayyidna Ali. Amongst the things he said to them after they identified him as an enemy was the following:”My father related to me that the Prophet (s) said: ‘There will come a time when the fitna (corruption and sedition) of the one who sits will be considered preferable to the one who stands; and the fitna of the one who stands will be preferable to the one who walks; and the fitna of the one who walks will be preferable to the one who runs. So if it is at all possible then try to be amongst those who are slaughtered rather than amongst those who will do the slaughtering.”



Khabbab, ironically, was one of the first victims of Kharijite brutality. He, along with his pregnant wife, was hacked to death. When the news of this slaughter reached Sayyidna Ali he set out for Nahrawan with an army of 4,000 men.


…………….. To Be Continue

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