Rüstem Pasa Mosque
Rüstem Paşa, Grand Vizier of Sultan Süleyman the Magnificent, also his son-in-law, ordered the construction of this mosque to the famous Ottoman Architect Sinan.
The mosque was built between 1561-1563. Both the interior and some part of the exterior walls of Rüstem Paşa Mosque is decorated with famous hand-made Iznik tiles, Rüstem Paşa Mosque is a small, charming mosque located nearby Spice Market.
Süleymaniye Mosque is the second largest imperial mosque complex in the city, built during the reign of Sultan Süleyman the Magnificent.
- Sultan Süleyman the Magnificent, who ruled the empire for 46 years was one of the most important Ottoman sultans who ruled in the 16th century.
This period known as the Classical Period is the ‘ golden age’ of the Ottoman empire. The mosque was built by the famous Ottoman architect Sinan, between 1550-1557. It is considered to be one of the masterpieces of Ottoman architect Sinan.
During the Ottoman era, the imperial mosques were built as “külliye“, mosque complex, and functioned as a foundation for the district, to serve both religious and cultural needs.
Mosque complex of Süleymaniye includes a hospital, primary school, hamam (Turkish bath), a caravanserai (lodge for travelling tradesmen), four medreses (Kur’an school), medical college, public kitchen (to serve food for the poor) and mausoleums of the sultan, his wife Roxelane (Hürrem Sultan) and the rest of his family.
- Mausoleums can still be visited and the kitchen for the poor has turned into a traditional restaurant.
While the 4 minarets symbolized that Süleyman was the 4th sultan following the conquest of Constantinople, 10 balconies of the minarets symbolized that he was the 10th sultan who ruled since the foundation of the state in 1299.
The monument was built in the XVI by Suyunij Khan, Ulugbek’s grandson. It is known that the Spiritual Administration of Muslims of Central Asia is here. It also possesses a rich library of oriental manuscripts. The world famous Koran of Caliph Osman, the Ottoman Koran, is kept here.
The book is the primary source of the holy book of Islam. The ancient manuscript consists of 353 parchment sheets of a very large size with the original Koran texts. For centuries it was kept in the treasury of the Caliphs (consistently in the cities of Medina, Damascus and then in Baghdad). Koran was in Uzbekistan, then (already in the nineteenth century), it was sent to St. Petersburg where it was stored before the revolution. Then Koran was transmitted to Central Asia. The legend says that Osman was killed while reading that book and traces of his blood are still on the pages of the book.
Comments on this Article