Some people have a problem have a problem of leaking urine after relieving themselves. This has become fairly common nowadays and there is much confusion regarding this. This article is being penned to clear the confusion regarding these issues.
How to stop leakage:
If somebody does leak urine after relieving himself, that person should wait until the remaining droplets also come out. During this time, one should cough or clear the throat. When it is felt that there is no more danger of leakage, then one may go ahead and perform Wuzu, etc.
In case of leakage:
There can be 2 cases if a person has leakage after relieving himself. Either it can be the leakage which comes after urine (Wadi) and most of the times, it is that only. This only breaks Wuzu and does not make a bath compulsory. Making a new Wuzu is enough. As given in Fatawa A’alamgiri, Vol 1, Pg No: 9/10.
If the leakage is semen, then a bath (Ghusl) becomes compulsory (Wajib) only when it comes out with desire and it “shoots out.” If the person does not have any desire at the time of ejaculation, then according to the Hanafi school of Fiqh, a bath does not become Wajib. For example, somebody lifts a heavy weight and ejaculates, then a bath does not become compulsory. As given in Badai Us Sanai, Vol 1, Pg No: 148.
If any person leaks semen when relieving, then if there is any desire and lust at that time, then Ghusl will become Wajib and if there is no desire, then Ghusl will not become Wajib, regardless of whether the quantity of semen is small of big.
Leakage while journeying:
If in a journey, you don’t get water, you may use a clod of earth to clean yourself. You may use specially made toilet paper for this purpose. Please remember that using any other paper, apart from toilet paper, like the paper of books, magazines is Makruh (Undesirable). If you do not use anything to clean yourself, then a bath (Ghusl) does not become Wajib on you, you may only wash the private parts. It is better if you change the urine-stained clothes as well.
If someone faces a chronic problem of leakage:
If a person suffers from dribbling of urine all or most of the times, he should check whether he comes in the category of exemption. The principle given by the Fuqaha (Islamic Law Experts) is that if any person suffers from gases (acidity) or some such problem, which goes on continuously, so much so that that person cannot be free from it even for the time taken to offer Fardh Salaat, then that person is exempted.
If that person comes under this category, then to protect his body, clothes and the surroundings from urine droplets, he should use something like a plastic bag or some such thing.
As per the given details, if that person is not exempted, but this condition occurs only at particular times, then apart from the times when he would offer Salaat, he may use a plastic bag, etc. He should offer Salaat when not even a drop of urine comes.
As given in Miraqil Falaah Sharh Nurul Izaah.
And Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) knows best.
Mufti Syed Ziauddin Naqshbandi Qadri,
[Associate Professor, Islamic Law, Jamia Nizamia,
Founder/Director Abul Hasanaat Islamic Research Center]