Hazrat Sheikh Muslehudeen Saa’di Al Sherazi the famous Sa’di ‘s great book which is called “The Gulistan” (the garden-or-the flowers of wisdom) was the famous book for all of the khilafa’s, it was consider a basic manual of character and moral building for all people including kings, workers,females,males,duties,obligations etc etc in the form of stories. Unfortunately when last khilafa was destroyed and the national states emerged and oppress the people with materialistic and consumer produce type of educational system. These character building books were removed from syllabus and that is the reason that our new generation are not very well aware of moral values and what to do in these times. (More precisely in the west where father and mother are forbidden to slap their children and in many cases the authorities take their children if the abuse is worst enough according to their levels of thinking. Although beating is not the solution but sometimes children need a little fear to be keep them off from wrong doings. Anyhow here are 3 stories from that book which was written in Persian.
I heard a padshah giving orders to kill a prisoner. The helpless fellow began to insult the king on that occasion of despair, with the tongue he had, and to use foul expressions according to the saying:
Who washes his hands of life
Says whatever he has in his heart.
When a man is in despair his tongue becomes long and he is like a vanquished cat assailing a dog. In time of need, when flight is no more possible, The hand grasps the point of the sharp sword. When the king asked what he was saying, a good_natured vizier replied: ‘My lord, he says: Those who bridle their anger and forgive men; for Allah loveth the beneficent.’
The king, moved with pity, forbore taking his life but another vizier, the antagonist of the former, said: ‘Men of our rank ought to speak nothing but the truth in the presence of padshahs. This fellow has insulted the king and spoken unbecomingly.’ The king, being displeased with these words, said: ‘That lie was more acceptable to me than thistruth thou hast uttered because the former proceeded from a conciliatory disposition and the latter from malignity; and wise men have said: “A falsehood resulting in conciliation is better than a truth producing trouble.”‘
He whom the shah follows in what he says, It is a pity if he speaks anything but what is good.
The following inscription was upon the portico of the hall of Feridun:
O brother, the world remains with no one.
Bind the heart to the Creator, it is enough.
Rely not upon possessions and this world
Because it has cherished many like thee and slain them.
When the pure soul is about to depart,
What boots it if one dies on a throne or on the ground?
STORY 2) CHAPTER 1
One of the kings of Khorasan had a vision in a dream of Sultan Mahmud, one hundred years after his death. His whole person appeared to have been dissolved and turned to dust, except his eyes, which were revolving in their orbits and looking about. All the sages were unable to give an interpretation, except a dervish who made his salutation and said: ‘He is still looking amazed how his kingdom belongs to others.’
Many famous men have been buried under ground
Of whose existence on earth not atrace has remained
And that old corpse which had been surrendered to the earth
Was so consumed by the soil that not a bone remains.
The glorious name of Nushirvan survives in good repute
Although much time elapsed since he passed away.
Do good, O man, and consider life as a good fortune,
The more so, as when a shout is raised, a man exists no more.
I have heard that a royal prince of short stature and mean presence, whose brothers were tall and good_looking, once saw his father glancing on him with aversion and contempt but he had the shrewdness and penetration to guess the meaning and said:
‘O father, a puny intelligent fellow is better than a tall ignorant man, neither is everything bigger in stature higher in price. A sheep is nice to eat and an elephant is carrion.’The smallest mountain on earth is Jur; nevertheless
It is great with Allah in dignity and station.
Hast thou not heard that a lean scholar
One day said to a fat fool:
‘Although an Arab horse may be weak
It is thus more worth than a stable full of asses.’
The father laughed at this sally, the pillars of the state approved of it, but the brothers felt much aggrieved. While a man says not a word
His fault and virtue are concealed.Think not that every desert is empty.Possibly it may contain a sleeping tiger.I heard that on the said occasion the king was menaced by a powerful enemy and that when the two armies were about to encounter each other, the first who entered the battlefield was the little fellow who said:
‘I am not he whose back thou wilt see on the day of battle
But he whom thou shalt behold in dust and blood.
Who himself fights, stakes his own life
In battle but he who flees, the blood of his army.’
After uttering these words he rushed among the troops of the enemy, slew several warriors and, returning to his father, made humble obeisance and said:
‘O thou, to whom my person appeared contemptible,
Didst not believe in the impetuosity of my valour.
A horse with slender girth is of use
On the day of battle, not a fattened ox.’
It is related that the troops of the enemy were numerous, and that the king’s, being few, were about to flee, but that the puny youth raised a shout, saying: ‘O men, take care not to put on the garments of women.’ These words augmented the rage of the troopers so that they made a unanimous attack and I heard that they gained the victory on the said occasion. The king kissed the head and eyes of his son, took him in his arms and daily augmented his affection till he appointed him to succeed him on the throne. His brothers became envious and placed poison in his food but were perceived by his sister from her apartment, whereon she closed the window violently
and the youth, shrewdly guessing the significance of the act, restrained his hands from touching the food, and said: ‘It is impossible that men of honour should die, and those who possess none should take their place.’
No one goes under the shadow of an owl
Even if the homa should disappear from the world.
This state of affairs having been brought to the notice of the father, he severely reproved the brothers and assigned to each of them a different, but pleasant, district as a place of exile till the confusion was quelled and the quarrel appeased; and it has been said that ten
dervishes may sleep under the same blanket but that one country cannot hold two padshahs.
When a pious man eats half a loaf of bread
He bestows the other half upon dervishes.
If a padshah were to conquer the seven climates
He would still in the same way covet another.