Talaq and related issues (english/ Urdu)


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When Talaq becomes irrevocable:

1) A talak in the ahsan mode {S. 302 (1)} becomes irrevocable and complete on the expiration of period of iddat. (S 227)

2) A talak in the hasan mode [S . 302 (2)] becomes irrevocable and complete on the third pronouncement, irrespective of the iddat.

3) A talak in the badai mode {S. 302 (3)} becomes irrevocable immediately it is pronounced, irrespective of the iddat. As the talak becomes irrevocable at once, it is called Talak-i-Bain, that is, irrevocable talak.  (See our section about divorce in Islam for further details. Note, these are take from Mulla’s Muhammadan Law, Which is regulating authority in judicial cases in India and Pakistan Courts).

According to the Muslim Family Laws Ordinance, 1961, to give effect to Talaq there are three requirements:

(a) Pronouncement in accordance with Muslim Law:

(b) Service of notice on Chairman; and

(c) Service of copy of notice to wife.

In any one of such conditions is not satisfied, the Talaq would not be effective even after 90 days. Mere pronouncement of divorce under the Muslim Family Laws Ordinance 1961 does not operate as divorce. Yes it can be orally or in writing. In Shia Law however, Talak may be orally pronounced by the husband in Arabic words in the presence of two witnesses and wife.

Talaq-e- Tafweez: (Delegation of Power) :

Although the power to give divorce belongs to Husband, he may delegate the power to the wife or to a third person, either absolutely or conditionally, and either for a particular period or permanently. The person to whom the power is thus delegated may then pronounce the divorce accordingly. A temporary delegation of the power is irrevocable, but a permanent delegation may be revoked.
(Section 305 (1) )

Talak by Tafweez (delegation of power): The husband may in person repudiate his wife, or he may delegate the power of rapudiating her to a third party, or even  to the wife; Baillie , P. 238.: The shia law is the same : Such  a delegation of power is called tafweez.

When a man has said to his wife. “Repudiate thyself”. She can repudiate herself at the meeting, and he cannot divest her of the power. But if there is no reference to his pleasure, it is an appointment of agency which is not restricted to the meeting, and may be revoked. Baillie, p.254. When a man has said to his wife, “Choose thyself today’ or ‘this month’ . or ‘ a month’ or ‘ a year’ , she may exercise the option at any time within the given period. Baillie. P. 242.

The delegation must be expressly made and will not be implied. Thus where mediators were appointed for bringing about a reconciliation between husband and wife  in accordance with verse 35, of Surah IV of the Holy Quran, it was held that the mediators could not, in the absence of any delegation of power by the husband, effect a divorce between the parties. (a) The delegation of the right to divorce can be conditional or unconditional. (b) A Kabinnamah gave the wife the right to pronounce Talak if prompt dower is not paid. A pronouncement of divorce after demand held not against public policy and principles of Islamic Law. Such a divorce is known as Talak by Tafweez.

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23 thoughts on “Talaq and related issues (english/ Urdu)”

  1. salam o alikum
    miray 1 dost nay dil me kaha agar me falana kam kronga to mire muj par talaq hoge aur usko yad b nahe keh kitne bar kaha aur per wo kam dobara kr lia to kia es tarah talaq hojata hay ya nahe
    jawab email per dain shukria

    1. Bhai humne yahan kai baar kaha hai keh ye darulifta nahi hai fatwon or shar’ayi masail par ulama ki raye lene k liye local ahlu sunnat darulifta se rabta keejiye yahan sirf ilmi mawad hai fatwa nahi

  2. sir kaya ap bata saktay hin kay aj kal jo ortain khula lay rahi hain family court main wo bi ratee ratayee paragram likh kar jo or jo wakeel sahib unko batatay hin to iss soorat main talak ho sakti hi kay nahee

    1. Mohtaram bhai apki baat darust hai ye darasal aik social problem ban gayi hai, Mere naqis ilm k mutabiq iski waja bazahir to yehi nazar ati hai keh jo muaashra ya muashray ke rehne walay log modernization se mutasir hain or jin ka rehen sehen ghair sharayi ho chuka ho wahin par aise moaamlat dekhne ko ziyada milte hain. Tehzib kay nam par badtahzeebi ho rahi hai or zahir hai khawateen ke pas wo zehni mayar nahi hota jo males ko Allah ne diya huoa hai lihaza jub sarbarah kharab hota hai to peeche sari peerhi kharab nikalti hai. Kuch society main rehte hove uske asrat ke hamil ho jate hain.Raha Khula ka taluq to ye bhi aik saholat di hai Islam ne un khawateen ko mukhtalif wajoohat ki bina par. Lekin hota yehi hai jo ap farma rahe ho keh miyan bewi main judai tab he dalti hai jub ap khud kisi ko moqa dete ho interfere karne ka. Halankeh kai baar aisa bhi hota hai keh agar khula ka mutalba darust na ho to Salisi council us ko reject kar deti hai. Bahar hal khula aurat ka haq hai. or yeh haq us se koi nahi le sakta khula ho he jati hai agar wo chahen or council faisla de dai. chahy wo kuch bhi zehen main chupa kar bahaana karen ya haqiqi wajoohat ki bina par khula len. Yad rakhen aurat k liye narm gosha isliye rakha jata hai kionkeh Talaq ka haq jese mard ko hasil hai or koi nahi le sakta wese he Khula aurat ka haq hai. Main to itna he keh sakta hun keh jese quran main farmaya gaya hai keh

      Jaiz kaamo main sub se Allah ko napasandeeda kaam talaq ka hai. Or ye talaq jub aurat mange to zahir hai uski wajoohat bhi hongi. Kuch valid kuch unvalid. is par behes ka koi faida nahi because ye individual problem hai or har individual problem keh apne apne reasons hain

  3. Sir ami ny apni biwi ko fone py kha
    mai tumhy teen shart talak dyta hu. (SAme word) Niyat sy
    likn us ny sunny sy phly fone kat diya . our hamary ghar mai mere teen family member ny sun liya . i think talak hogai likn confirm karna tha

    1. Bhaijan- hum pehle bhi keh chuke hain kai baar keh hum apko sirf malomat dete hain yahan par fatwa or sharayi ruling nahi. Isliye ap yaa to apni qareebi sunni hanafi qadri imam masjid se rabta kren or yaa phir dawateislami ki website ke darulifta ko apna sawal bhej dejiye wo apko email k through jawab de denge jo ain fiqhi usoolon k mutabiq or darust hoga. JazakAllaho khaira

  4. اسلام علیکم
    سر میرا بیوی کے ساتھ جھگڑا ہوا اور وہ مجھے اور میرے بیٹے جو کہ 3سال کہ ہے چھوڑ کر چلی گئی اور بعد میں کیس رٹ کی کہ چھین کر لیے گیا ہے اور بچہ کورٹ نے اُس کے حوالے کر دیا اب بچہ مجھے زیادہ پیار کر تا ہے اور میرے پاس رہنا چاہتا ہے وہ جب بھی مجھےدیکتا ہے تہ روتا ہے کہ میں پاپا کے پاس جانا ہے کوئی مشورہ دیں کہ عدالت بچے کی مرضی کے مطابق بچہ میرے حوالے کر دے

    1. Bhai is par to ap kisi wakeel se mashwara karen, agar bacha bht chota ho to usko walida k he hawale kia jata hay, apko wakeel log sahi mashwara de sakenge

  5. agr aik larkii gar se bhag jaye aur uskay bhagay howay 3 saal hogye hoon toh kya kiya ja skta hai talak kaisay hogii aur agr husband zid pe ho kay mene talak nahin dunga toh 3 years se koi rabta tak na howa hoo 2nu ka apaaxx me baat bi na howi ho toh kya larkii aur kisi kay sath …….???? is mamlay me SHARIYAAT kya kehtii hai ….. plzz thorii roshnii dalaling

    1. mere bhai fiqhi sawalat par jawabat k liye ap Dawateislami ki website par apna sawal post kariye yahan par sirf apko islami topics par mawad farham kiya jata hai fatawa nahi diye jate. Shukriya

  6. aoa Sir ma ap sa Khula k matalik kch pochna chata ho wo ya ka kya bewi khula la sakti ha ya islam ma jaiz ha ya nahi aur agr wo khula la lati ha tu bechay kiss k pass rahy ga shohar k pass ya bewi ka pass aur jo saman wagra wo la k ayi ha uss k kya wapsi k kya tariqa ha aur khula ki surat ma haqmahar ki kya surat ha plz ya sb mjhy zaror btiya ma app k jald jwb k muntazir ho thx

    1. Walaikumusalam: Bhai Khula ki surat main khatoon ko nan nufaqa ke kharchay se dastbardar hona parta hai. Agar bachon ki umar sheerkhwari ki hai ya bohat chote hain to amoman Adalat unko Maa k pas rehne ki ijazat deti hai or us surat main tab tak kharcha wa harja bhi shohar se he dilwati hai. Or Haq meher 2 qisam ka hota hai agar pay nahi kiya gaya ho to khula ki surat main shohar meher na dene ka haqdar theherta hai.

      Wese pratically adalaton main yahi hota hai baqi ap dawateislami ki website par jaa kar darulifta se rabta kar lain or kisi sahih wakeel se mashwara kar lain

  7. aik admi ne apni bv ko 3 talqyn d hyn.ab mehr kia wahi dy ga jo nikah k din dia tha? or baqi jo saman bv apny gar se shohar k ga lai thi.jb k shadi ko 26 saal ho gaye hyn.saman miyan bv or bachon ne use kia hy.18 saal jont family ne orbaqi 6 ya 7 saal onhoon ne alag gar ma use kia hy .ab on saman ka kia hoga?kia wo miya apni bv ko wo saman wapas karey gaa? kia 26 saalon me rifaqat kb badly bv ko uch jurmana b ada karey ga?..please help karyn.fiqqa jaafarya se jwab dogy to meherbaani hogi…..ak

    1. Bhai! yahan par fiqhi masail par discuss nahi kiya jata or na he yahan koi darul-ifta hai. Fiqa Hanafi se malomat lene ke liye ap dawateislami.net ki website se ruju karen or agar Fiqh Jaafriya se jaan.na hai to uske liye Shia ulema ki kisi website se ruju kejiye.shukriya

  8. AOA
    meri sister hai un ka divorce ho gya hia un ka 2 bate hai… ub hm chah rahe hai ka meri sis ka husband dono bache likh dy…
    agar wo likh dyta hai kal ko meri sis dosri shadi kare to bache wapis baap ka pas to nhi ja skte????????

    1. Union council faisla karti hai agar bacho ki umar choti ho or nabaligh hon to na sirf khawand talaq k baad na nufaqa dene ka paband hai balke jub tak bacho ki tarbiyat nahi ho jati wo unka harja kharcha bhi uthane ka paband hota hai. agar bache baligh hain to Council faisla un par chorti hai keh wo waliden main se kis k sath rehna chahte hain.

  9. its v good and informative site …
    plz guide me if any husband says that he will never take drugs again if i will take then we will have no more nikha between us but he takes again and again then…
    what lady should do..?? whats about their nikha???
    plz reply soon as possible on the email

    1. Sister! its more than social issue. Intoxication in itself does not invalid nikkah until the husband provoke it. Kindly consult dawateislami.net for “Proper Fiqh Query” and satisfactory solution and answer to your question. Inshallah they provide answer in 47 hours.

  10. Talak kea hy kasy dani cahia
    2 halala kea hy
    3 dorany hamal talak ho sakti hy k nahi agr nai to agr kesi na dade hmal m to kea hoga
    4 talak k bad orat edat 90 din krte hy agr en 90 din k andar 2no m sola hojate hy to kea talak khtam ho jay ge
    03133266495 captan faizan

  11. asalam mu alekum
    .i wrote on a paper man ap ko talaq data hon
    talaq data hon
    talaq data hon
    and put the paper at home in evening my wife got the paper than tell me please would it be a rajai or it would be a tallaq e baean

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