Amulets (Taweedh) – Allowed to wear or not?


HADITHS :

 

حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ حُجْرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ عَيَّاشٍ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ” إِذَا فَزِعَ أَحَدُكُمْ فِي النَّوْمِ فَلْيَقُلْ أَعُوذُ بِكَلِمَاتِ اللَّهِ التَّامَّةِ مِنْ غَضَبِهِ وَعِقَابِهِ وَشَرِّ عِبَادِهِ وَمِنْ هَمَزَاتِ الشَّيَاطِينِ وَأَنْ يَحْضُرُونِ . فَإِنَّهَا لَنْ تَضُرَّهُ ” . قَالَ وَكَانَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عَمْرٍو يُلَقِّنُهَا مَنْ بَلَغَ مِنْ وَلَدِهِ وَمَنْ لَمْ يَبْلُغْ مِنْهُمْ كَتَبَهَا فِي صَكٍّ ثُمَّ عَلَّقَهَا فِي عُنُقِهِ . قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ غَرِيبٌ

Amr bin Shu’aib narrated from his father, from his grandfather, that the Messenger of Allah said: “When one of you becomes frightened during sleep, then let him say: ‘I seek refuge in Allah’s Perfect Words from His anger, His punishment, and the evil of His creatures, from the whisperings of the Shayatin, and that they should come (A’udhu Bikalimatillahit-Tammati Min Ghadabihi Wa Iqabihi Wa Sharri Ibadih, Wa Min Hamzatish-Shayatini Wa An Yahdurun).’ For verily, they shall not harm him.’”He said: “So Abdullah bin Amr used to teach it to those of his children who attained maturity, and those of them who did not, he would write it and then hang it around his neck.”

*Sunan Tirmizi # 3528 (Imam Tirmizi graded it Hasan)

*Sunan Abi Dawud # 3893

*Musnad Ahmed # 6895 (Shaykh Ahmed Shakir graded it “Sahih”)

*Musannaf Ibn Abi Shayba # 3261

*Mustadrak Hakim (1/548) [Imam Hakim said “Isnaadu Sahih” ]

*Imam Bayhaqi,Kitab al Adab # 993

*Imam Nasai , Amal al Yawm wa l Laylah, # 765

*Imam Baghawi, Masabih al l Sunnah , (2/216)

*Imam Tibrizi,Mishkaat al Masabih ,# 2477

*Imam Mundhiri ,At Targheeb wa Tarheeb , # 2384

*Imam Mundhiri again in Mukhtasar Sunan Abi Dawud , # 3744

*Imam Razi,Tafsir Mafatih al Ghayb ,Surah Muminun,Ayat 97

*Imam Nawawi ,Al Adhkar

*Imam Alusi , Ruh ul Ma’ani, Under ,Surah Muminun,Ayat 97

*Imam Ibn Kathir , Tafseer, ,Surah Muminun,Ayat 97

*Imam Dhahabi , Al Tibb al Nabawi, Page :281

*Ibn Qayyim , Zaad al Maad

*Qadhi Shawkhani, Tafsir, Surah Muminun,Ayat 97

*Nawab Siqqiq Hasan khan,Tafsir, Surah Muminun,Ayat 97

*** Most Important ***Nasiruddin Albani In SAHIH Sunan Tirmidhi, # 2793

Though none of the hadith scholars have called it Da’if,.Rather Imam Tirmidhi,Hakim,Ahmed Shakir and Salafi Imam Albani have authenticated it.This Hadith is Rigorously Authentic.But Someone might make weird objection on its narrator Muhammad bin Ishaq.So here is Another chain of this hadith,Narrated by Imam Buqari which doesn’t contain “Muhammad bin Ishaq”

From Imam buqari’s “Khalq af’al al Ibaad”

قال أحمد بن خالد ثنا محمد بن إسماعيل عن عمرو بن شعيب عن أبيه عن جده قال كان الوليد بن الوليد رجل يفزع في منامه وذكر ذلك لرسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال له النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم إذا اضطجعت فقل بسم الله أعوذ بكلمات الله التامة من عضبه وعقابه ومن شر عباده ومن همزات الشياطين وأن يحضرون فقالها فذهب ذلك عنه

وكان عبد الله بن عمر رضى الله تعالى عنهما من بلغ من بنيه علمه إياهن ومن كان منهم صغيرا لا يعيها كتبها وعلقها في عنقه

[ Imam Buqari ,Khalq af’al al Ibaad, Page:89, Muassas ar Risalah,Beirut,1411 A.H ]

Imam Ali al Qari (Rh) writes about the hadith of Amr bin Shu’ayb (Hadith posted):

“This Hadith is the basis for hanging those Tawidh(amulets) which contain the names of Allah ,The glorified and exalted.”

[Mirqat al Mafatih , Volume:5, Page:384 , Dar al Kutub al Ilmiyyah , Beirut 1422 AH/2001CE ]

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Imam Nawawi before hadith of amr bin shuayb :

وقد يستدل للإباحة بحديث عمرو بن شعيب عن

“One may adduce as evidence for their (amulets) permissibility from the hadith of Amr bin Shu’ayb “[ Imam Nawawi , al Majmu Sharh al Madhdhab, (2/88) , Dar al Fikr , Beirut ]

Salafi Scholar Abdul Rahman Mubarapuri writes under (sharah of) this hadith {Of Amr bin shuayb}:

قال الشيخ عبد الحق الدهلوي في اللمعات : هذا هو السند في ما يعلق في أعناق الصبيان من التعويذات وفيه كلام ، وأما تعليق الحرز والتمائم مما كان من رسوم الجاهلية فحرام بلا خلاف انتهى“

Shaykh Abdul Haq Dehlvi has written in {Ashi’at al Lama’at} that this hadith has the evidence for hanging “Taweedhat” (amulets) in children’s neck.And it is haram by consensus to hang sea shella and stones as was the practice in pre Islamic days”

[ Tuhfatul Ahwadhi, Volume:04 , Page:473 , Dar ul Ihya ut Turath,Beirut,1419 ]

http://hadith.al-islam.com/Page.aspx?pageid=192&TOCID=1985&BookID=37&PID=6818(link for tuhfatul ahwadhi)

Imam malik on taweedh :

: قال مالك لا بأس بما يعلق على النساء الحيض ، والصبيان من القرآن إذا جعل في كن كقصبة حديد أو جلد يحرز عليه

Imam Malik said : “ There is no harm if something written from Quran is hanged onto menstruating women or children ,provided it is covered with iron or leather”

[ Imam Nawawi , , al Majmu Sharh al Madhdhab, (2/88) , Dar al Fikr , Beirut ]

Imam Malik on Tawidh :وقد قال مالك رحمه الله لا بأس بتعليق الكتب التي فيها أسماء الله عز وجل على أعناق المرضى على وجه التبرك بها إذا لم يرد معلقها بتعليقها مدافعة العين وهذا معناه قبل أن ينزل به شيء من العين ولو نزل به شيء من العين جاز الرقى عند مالك(التمهيد لما في الموطأ من المعاني والأسانيد,)(17/161)

Imam malik said , there is no blame in hanging written Ruqyas ( i,e amulets) Which contains the names of Allah upon the necks of the sick , to drive the healing blessings contained therein , so long as he does not intend by that to prevent the effects of the evil eye before they fall. If some effects of the evil eye have already befallen one, then it is permissible to employ ruqyas according to Imam Malik, to hang written ones upon oneself.

[Ibne abd al barr , At Tamhid, , (17/161),Morocco ]

Saeed bin Musayyib [The Tabayi ] on use of Tawidh

وسئل سعيد بن المسيب عن الصحف الصغار يكتب فيه القرآن ، فيعلق على النساء والصبيان ؟ فقال : لا بأس بذلك إذا جعل في كير من ورق ، أوحديد ، أو يخرز عليه[شرح السنة ـ للإمام البغوى]12/158-159المكتب الإسلامي – دمشق ـ بيروت ـ 1403هـ – 1983م

Saeed bin Musayyib(r.a) was asked concerning putting of Tawidh (amulets) containing verses of Quran around the neck of women and young children.He replied that it is permissible if the Tawidh is contained in leather wrap or some metallic box.

[ Imam Baghawi ,Sharhus Sunnah. 12/158,159, Maktaba al Islami,Beirut 1403 A.H ]

Those who call Tawidh as Shirk , claim to be the followers of Salaf as Saliheen,Now these extract from Masannaf Ibn Abi Shaibah is a final earthquake for them and bash them right from the great Tabaeen

Around 7 to 8 Great Tabayeen have not only approved the use of Tawidh but have been using them

* Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaibah , Kitab al Tibb , Volume :12 , Page : 74 *(Dar Qurtuba,Beirut)

حدّثنا أبو بكر قال حدثنا عقبة بن خالد عن شعبة عن أبي عصمة قال: سألت سعيد بن المسيب عن التعويذ فقال: لا بأس إذا كان في أديم.

Abu Ismah said ,I asked Sa’id bin Musayb (one of the top ranking Tabi’i) about wearing Amulets, he said: “There is no harm in when it is covered with leather”

حدّثنا أبو بكر قال حدثنا يحيى بن آدم قال حدثنا حسن عن ليث عن عطاء قال : لا بأس أن يعلق القرءان

Imam al Ata (rah) [the Tabi’i Faqih of Makkah] said: “There is no harm in tying (ayahs of) Quran .”

* Ata was asked about a menstruating woman who had a Tawidh on her.HE said ,”If it is on leather she should take it off and if it is in silver box,if she wishes she may put it on and if she wishes she need not put it on

* Mujahid would write Tawidh for people and hang it on them.

* Abu Ja’far was asked concerning writing something from Qur’an and hanging it or tying it , he did not see anything wrong in it.

*Ibn Sirin did not see anything wrong in writing from the Qur’an and tying it.

** Ayyub said that he saw Ubaydullah ibn Abdullah ibn umar was tying a thread in his shoulder .

* Abu Jafar was asked concerning hanging Tawidh in children’s neck and he allowed it.

* Jubayr said there is no harm in hanging Tawidh written from Qur’an ,provided it is taken off before going to the toilet and before intercourse

Courtesy: Brother Md Tauseef

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2 thoughts on “Amulets (Taweedh) – Allowed to wear or not?”

  1. ASSALAMO ALAIKUM . . . . SUBHAN ALLAH . . . . . MERI EK GUJARISH HAI K . . MAHE SHABAN K MUUTA ALLIQ BADMAJHABON KA JO DAWAH HAI US KO RADD KAREN . . . PLEASE . . . TIRMAZI KI HADIS K MU TA ALLIQ K YEH ZAEF HAI TO WWO ZAEF HAI . . . ZAJAK ALLAH . . DUA MEN YAD RAKHIY GA . .

    1. walaykumusalam! Jazak Allahu Khayran Kaseera. Insha-Allah ramzan ki masroofiyat se waqt nikal kar isi site par jald he shaban shareef k mutaliq wahabiyon or badmazhabon ka radd par article post kar diya jaiga. Apka shukriya note karwane k liye

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