Imam Ibn al-arabi on Anthropomorphism


Qadi Abu Bakar Ibn al-Arabi al-Maliki on the Mujassima

The Imam, the Mujtahid, the Muhaqqiq, Ibn al Arabi al-Maliki, may Allah have mercy on him, said in his book al-Awasim min al-Qawasim.

Qasima:

We have made it clear in more than one place that those who conspire against Islam are many and those who are negligent towards it are many, while its friends who are preoccupied with it are few. Those who conspire against it include:

Al-Batiniyya, and we have already explained all of their states.

Those who conspire against it also include Al-Zahiriyya, and they consist of two groups:

The first are those who follow the outward (zahir) in creed and foundations (usul).

The second are those who follow the outward in foundations only.

Both of these groups, in their foundation, are wretched filth (khabitha), and what has branched out from both of them is also wretched filth, for indeed the bastard child is just a toy and a snake can only give birth to a snake.

The group which takes the outward in creed are on the edge of likening Allah to His creation (tashbih), like the former in denying Allah’s creation (ta’til), and I was tested by themon my travels and they interfered with me greatly, against my wishes. I mostly saw them in Egypt, the Levant (Sham) and Baghdad.
They say: ‘Indeed Allah knows better than us regarding Himself, His Attributes and His creations, and He is our teacher, so when He informs us of a matter we believe in it as He has informed us and we believe in it as He has commanded.’

When they hear: “What are they waiting for but for Allah to come to them in the shadows of the clouds, together with the angels…”(1) and “And your Lord arrives with the angels rank upon rank” (2) and “…And Allah came at their building from the foundations…”(3) and “Our Lord descends to the lowest sky every night…”(4) they say that He moves, tranfers, and comes and goes from one place to another. (1, Baqarah 2: 210, (2)-al-Fajr 89:22, (3)-Al Nahl 16:26, (4)-Sahih Muslim and other collections).

When they hear His statement: “The All-Merciful, established firmly upon the Throne” (Taha 20:5), they say that He is sitting on it, that He is attached to it and He is bigger than it by four finger-lengths, as it is not valid for HIm to be smaller than it, because He is The Most Great (Al-Azim), Also, it is not like Him because “There is nothing like unto Him” (Al-Shura 42:11), and thus He is bigger than the Throne (al-Arsh) by four finger-lengths.

A group of Sunnis in the city of Salam (Baghdad Shareef) have informed me about what Al-Ustadh Abu Al-Qasim Abdul Karim Ibn Hawazin Al-Qushayri Al-Sufi from Nisabur (Neshapur) mentioned. He organised a gathering of dhikr and the whole creation was present. Then the reciter read: “The All-Merciful, established firmly upont he Throne.” The most distinguished of them said to me: ‘I saw – i.e. the Hanbalis – standing during the gathering and saying : “Sitting! Sitting!” (qa’idun) with the loudest and fathest reaching voices. The Sunnis from amongst Al-Qushayri’s companions became furious at them, as well as the others present, and the two groups because enraged at each other. The majority overwhelmed them and forced them into the Nizamiyya School and detained them therein. Then they pelted them with various objects and some of them died. The leader of the group rode off as well as some of their teachers, and thus they silenced their revolution and put out their flame.

They say that He speaks with letters and a voice, and they attribute it to Ahmed bin Hanbal, Their falsehood causes themto go as far as saying that the letters are pre-eternal (qadim)!

They say that He possesses a hand, fingers, a forearm, an arm, a hip, a leg and a foot, with which He walks wherever He wants. They also say that He laughs, walks and walks quickly.

I have been informed by one of my sheikhs whom I trust that Abu Yala Muhammad Ibn Al-Husayn al-Fara (the Elder) – the head of the Hanbalis in Baghdad – when mentioning Allah the Exalted, as well as these literal interpretations that have been mentioned regarding His Attributes would say: ‘Impose upon me what you will, for indeed I adhere to it, apart from the beard and nakedness.’!

They conclude by saying: ‘If someone wants to know Allah, let him look at himself, for indeed Allah is in His eyes, except that Allah is transcendent above banes, pre-eternal without a beginning and everlasting without end. This is due to the statement of the Prophet, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him: “Indeed Allah created Adam in His image (sura)” and in another narration : “In the image of the All-Merciful”, which is sahih. Thus Allah indeed has a face (wajh), and we do not negate it and we do interpret it any way that would lead to impossibilities that the intellect cannot accept.’

The head of this group in the Levant was Abu Faraj Al-Hanbali in Damascus, Ibn Al- Rumayli, the muhaddith, in Jerusalem, Al-Qatrawani in the area of Nablus, Al-Fakhuri in Egypt, and Abu Husayn Ibn Abi Yala Al Fara represented them in Baghdad. Each one of them has followers from amongst the laity, a large number, [they are] a band rebelling against the truth and in partisanship against the creation.

If they had the ability to understand and they had been endowed with some knowledge of the Din of Islam, they would have restrained themselves due to the incoherence of their statements and the general falsehood of what they say, but mental retardation (Fidama) has overwhelmed them and thus they don’t have hearts with which to understand, nor eyes with which to see or ears with which to hear. They are like cattle, but even more astray. (this is paraphrase of al-Araf 7:179). I have been informed by more than one person that Abu Hamid Ahmed ibn Abi Tahir al-Isfarayini went out to meet his companions one day and he was very happy, so they asked him why. He responded: ‘I debated with a layman today and I defeated him.’ It was then said to him: ‘You defeated a widow. (i.e. someone who is defenseless). How can you rejoice at defeating the laity?’ He said: ‘The scholar is held back by his knowledge, his intellect and his Din, while the layman is not held back by any understanding or Din, and thus I only defeat him rarely and occaisonally.’

Al – Qadi Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, said: ‘I will tell you something strange. Indeed I have not come across a group without finding something in their positions that I agree with – and Allah has protected me with his tawfiq from looking futher into it – except for the Batiniyya and those who liken Allah to His creation. Indeed they are a horde of whom I am convinced have no knowledge behind them. I discarded their statements as soon as I heard them, whereas with other groups one has to think rationally and legally about the evidence required until the intellect and law guide one to the source of salvation (or safety).

 

Our companion, Abu Mansur Satkin Al-Turki, a resident of a military outpost, and Abu Muhammad Abdul Aziz, the Qadi of Al-Baskara in the east, were once with us, and they had been given the ability to understand and had been endowed with intelligence and nobility. However, the companionship of Ibn Al Manani had overwhelmed them and they had chosen the madhhab of Qad-Riiya (this group believed that man had absolute free will, independent of Allah’s will). I entered upon him and he was happy to see me. He asked me about my creed I told him. He said: ‘What has prevented you from adopting the creed of the truth from the madhhab of the people of tawhid (meaning himself and his companions from the Qd-riya) and it is a madhhab that goes from Ibn Al-Faraj back to Abu -Al-Husayn, to Abdul Jabbar, to Abi Hashim, to Al-Jubai, to the family of Ali Ibn Abi Talib, may Allah be pleased with him, and then to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah’s peace be upon him?’ I thus learned that he had delved into the inward, (ar. tabattana al-batin, i.e., he had joined the Batiniyya) adhered to Ahl Al-Bayt and adopted the madhhab of the Qd-riyya as a cloak, and this was in opposition to his father, may Allah be pleased with him, who was called “The Believer of Pharaoh’s Household” by Al-Qadi Abu Bakr Ibn Al-Tayyib, as he was a Hanafi in his branches (furu i.e., fiqh) and an Ash’ari in his foundations (i.e.usul , creed) seen in Khurasan or Iraq except that he is a Mu’tazali or Karrami, (al-Karramiyya : the followers of Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Karram (d. 255 AH). They affirmed Allah’s attributes but fell into anthropomorphism and likening Allah to His creation. Please see Al-Milal wa al-nihal by Imam al-Shahrastani V.1 for further details), with the exception of those beyond the river (i.e., the Euphrates) in Balkh, for indeed as far as those lands are populated the people are Sunni and upon a path more faithful to the truth. I stood up and left him, and he was a luminary in fiqh. I heard him speaking in the Masjid of Al-Mansur with [imam] Al Shashi, regarding the issue of giving a ruling for someone who is absent, and I saw a man who indeed gave the evidences regarding the matters of rulings and used them according to the iraqi way.

Translation Ended:

Note; These all wrong ideologies are still been carried out by Wahabee occult

Page : 208 – 213
Originally translated by Mahdi Lock from Marifah.
Research- cross checked and Scans by Majzoob

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