Visiting the tomb of the Prophet, how he should be greeted and the virtue of one’s visit
Summary and Translation of Important Points Quoting and taken from famous Salaf as Saalih Syaduna Qadi Iyad Maliki (rta)’s al-Shifa – Its Sharah (exegesis) by another Salaf al Salih Syaduna Imam Mulla Ali al-Qari al-Hanafi (rta) Naseem-ur-Riyadh Sharah Shifa Qazi iyad Arabic.
Omar’ s son tells us that t he Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said, “My intercession is assured for those who visit me. “Visiting the tomb of Prophet Muhammad, praise and peace be upon him, is both excellent and to be desired. We are told by Anas, Malik’s son that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said, “Anyone who, for the Sake of Allah, visits me in Medina is near me, and on the Day of Resurrection I will intercede for him.”
He also said, “Whosoever visits me after my death, it is as if he visited me while I am alive.”
The jurist, Isaac (Ishaq), Abraham’s son said a person should go to Medina when he/ she makes the Greater Pilgrimage with the intention of praying in the Prophet’s Mosque, and seek the blessings of seeing his Meadow (Rawda), pulpit,tomb, the place where he sat, places that were touched by hi s blessed hand, places where his blessed feet walked, and the pillar on which he would lean, the places where Gabriel descended bring the Revelation to him, the places connected with his Companions and the leaders of Muslims who lived there.
Abi Fudayk’s son heard someone say, “We have heard that all who stand before the tomb of the Prophet should recite the verse,’ Allah and His angels praise and venerate the Prophet‘ 33:56
and then say , ‘May Allah praise you, O Muhammad.’ If this is said seventy times an angel will call to that person saying, ‘May Allah bless you! ‘ and all his needs will betaken care of.”
When Omar Abdul Aziz bade farewell with the greetings of peace to Yazid, Abi Said Al Mahri’s son, he asked, “I would like you to do something for me. When you reach Medina and visit the tomb of the Prophet, greet him on my behalf with peace.” It has also been reported that whenever he wrote letters from Syria to the people of Medina he would also ask them to do the same.
Amongst the early generation was a man who observed Anas, Malik’s son approach the tomb of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him. He tells us that Anas stopped, raised his hands as if he were about to pray, greeted the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, then left.
Malik said that when someone visits the tomb of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and supplicates, he should stand facing the tomb and not the direction of prayer. He should draw closer and greet him but not touch the tomb with his hands. In his reference “Al Mabsut” he writes, “I do not think people should stand at the tomb of the Prophet, rather they should greet him and depart.”
Abi Mulayka’s son said, “Those who wish to stand and face the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, should face the lamp in the direction of prayer at the end of the tomb near his blessed head.”
Omar’ s son would greet the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, at the tomb. Nafi said that he saw him visit the tomb more than a hundred times and Omar’ s son would say, ” Peace be upon the Prophet, may All ah praise him and grant him peace. Peace be upon Abu Bakr” and leave thereafter. Omar’s son was also observed placing his hand where the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, sat on the pulpit and then wipe his hand over his face.
Qusayt’s son and the son of Al Utbi said, “Whenever the Mosque was empty, the Companions would touch the knob of the pulpit near the tomb with their right hand. Then they would face the direction of prayer and supplicate.”
In the reference “Muwatta” Imam Malik wrote that he would stand at the tomb of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and say the prayer upon the Prophet, then pray for Abu Bakr and then Omar. Malik said that the person who is greeting should say, “Peace be upon you, O Prophet, and the mercy of Allah and His blessings.”
The Judge Abul Walid Al Baji spoke about the respect due to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, when visiting his tomb, “I think the visitor should supplicate for the Prophet using the words praise and veneration and choose a different word for Abu Bakr and Omar, as Omar’s son indicated.”
Habib’ s son tells us how one should enter the Prophet’s Mosque. He said, “One should enter saying, ‘ In the Name of Allah and peace be upon the Messenger of Allah. Peace be upon us from our Lord .Allah and His angels praise Muhammad. O Allah, forgive us our sins and open for us the gates of Your Mercy and Your Garden and protect us from the accursed satan! ‘”
Having done this Habib’s son tells us that one should go to the Meadow (Rawda) which is an area of the Mosque that lies between the tomb and the pulpit and offer two units (rakat) of prayer in which one praises Allah before standing before the tomb. One should ask Allah for the absolute fulfillment of one’ s intention which brought you there to visit him and for help in its realization. However, if your two units of prayer are performed outside the Rawda, it suffices, but it is preferable to perform them in the Rawda. Of the Rawda the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said, The area between my house and the pulpit is one of t he Meadows of the Garden. My pulpit is on one of the raised gardens in the Garden.’
We are also informed that there after one should proceed and stand in a state of humility and respect before the tomb of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and ask for blessings upon him and give what praise one can. Then proceed to greet Abu Bakr and Omar and supplicate for them. One should offer as many prayers as one can in the Prophet’ s Mosque day and night. It is also highly recommended to visit the Mosque of Quba and the graveyard in which the martyrs are buried, may Allah be pleased with them. Malik wrote a letter to Muhammad, who was possibility the son of Al Hasan Ash Shaybani in which he said, “The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, should be greeted when you enter and leave hi s Mosque.”
Muhammad said, “Before leaving the Mosque stand near the tomb. The same applies when it is time for you to depart from Medina.”
Lady Fatima, may Allah be pleased with her, said that she heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say, “Whenever you enter the (Prophet’s) Mosque, supplicate for praise upon the Prophet and say, ‘O Allah, forgive me my sins and open the doors of Your Mercy to me.’ When you leave, supplicate for praise upon the Prophet, may Allah praise him and grant hi m peace, and say, ‘O Allah, forgive me my sins and open the doors of Your overflowing favor to me.'”
Muhammad, Sirin’ s son said, “Whenever people entered the Prophet’ s Mosque, they would supplicate, ‘ May Allah and His angels praise and venerate Muhammad. Peace be upon you, O Prophet, and the mercy of Allah and His blessings. In the Name of Allah we have entered and in the Name of Allah we will depart. We rely upon Allah.” Upon their departure they said something similar.
The practice of the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, when he entered the Mosque was to say, “O Allah, open the doors of Your mercy to me and make the gates of Your provision easy for me.”
Abu Hurayrah said, “Whenever one of you enters the Prophet’ s Mosque, let him supplicate for praise upon the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and say O Allah open the way for me! ”
Malik wrote in his reference “Al Mabsut“, “It is not essential for the inhabitants of Medina who enter and leave the Prophet’s Mosque to stand at the tomb, this is for visitors.”
He also said, “There is no harm for those who either intend to go on a journey or have returned from a journey to stand at the tomb of the Prophet, may Allah praise and venerate him and grant him peace, and ask for blessings upon him, and supplicate for him, then Abu Bakr and Omar.”
Al Qasim’ s son observed that when the inhabitants of Medina left or entered the City they would come to the tomb and greet the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him. He commented, “That is considered to be the best practice.”
Al Baji said, “Between the inhabitants of Medina and visitors there is a difference. Visitors have come with a specific intention to do so whereas the inhabitants live there and their intention is not to go there for the sake of the tomb and greeting.”
Ahmad, Said Al Hindi’s son made reference t o people standing at the tomb in his book. He said, “Neither cling to it nor touch it, nor stand before it for a long time.”
In the reference “Utibiyaa” it is written, “When in the Mosque of the Prophet, may Allah praise and venerate him and grant him peace, commence with the prayer on the Prophet which you say before the final greeting of the prayer. The best place to offer voluntary prayers in the Prophet’s Mosque is in the place where the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, used to pray in the location of the pillar scented with aroma of the wooded perfume of khaluq. The best place to offer the obligatory prayer is in the front rows. I prefer visitors of offer voluntary prayers there rather than in their accommodation. “
As it is greatly explained by major Imams and Salafa Saliheen, that visiting to the graves of Pious people, specially to the Prophet (may Allah grant him peace and blessings) is the blessing of Allah, and a kind of approval of His blessings through His Messenger for us. Further it is also stated which you will see and read in the scans that it was the practice of Sahaba (companions of the Prophet)(may peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), not only Sahaba but the first 3 generations and from them uptil now. It is the rule of Ummah and Ummah is agreed upon this virtue. We do not understand that why so called Salafi People who says that they are followers of the Salaf are doing totally against it. In Sharah of Shifa Imam Mulla Qari (rta) is also expressing views of Ibne Taymmiyah and his deviancy and said clearly mentioned that, he was the only who first time oppose this fundamental rule of Islam, so we can understand that Wahhabism is actually the new age sect which has nothing to do with Real Sunni Sufi Islam of Salaf al Saliheen.
On the other hand their counterparts i.e., Deobandis who always cheat Muslims by saying that they are followers of Hanafi Law.
Then this is Our Master Imam Mulla Ali al-Qari al-Hanafi is saying, now decide, will you still follow the unrealistic ideology of muhammad ibn al wahhab najdi or You will re-consider your creed and coming back to the real Islam. It is totally now in your hands.
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