Sultan Salah-ud-Deen Ayyuobi a Sunni a Sufi (Ar/Ur/Pst/En)

Summary of the events of 583-to-84 H:

“….and nearby Gumbad- al Sakhra the Sultan removed all wrong things like pictures and crosses, and washed it (purify) it from impurities, and asked Faqih Essa al Hakaari to make an iron fence surrounding it, and appoint an Imam with salary, and make more supplies to him, and such likewise he did for Imam of al-aqsa, and then he made a Maddrassa (School) which is known as Al-Salaheeyah and also called as al-Naasariyah, because there was a Church, attributed to the mother of Holy Mary, ‘Hannah’ and that was on the grave of her. He (sultan) make a Khanqah (Place where Sufis used to do Dikhr of Allah) and gifted it which was for the seek of al-Tabbaruk (Blessings)

The Mihrab of Dawud outside al-Aqsa Masjid was in an insurmountable fort within the city, in a lofty rank and it was the fort where the ruler lived. The Sultan appointed an Imam, two muezzins, and a supervisor for it. It became a resort for the righteous and a shrine for all people. Then he issued orders for the maintenance of Masajids and religious shrines.

This Mihrab was the abode of Dawud and Sulayman (peace be upon them). The Sultan assembled the jurisprudents, (Fuqaha) the righteous men of knowledge, and the pious to seek their opinion concerning constructing a School of the Shafi’e Madh-hab and a hospice for pious Sufis.

Points to Remember:

1) Shrines and Holy Places in the History of Islam was never destroyed even if it was shrines of Non-Muslims.

2) It was certainly not Shirk Polytheism, because if it was then Mujahid-e-Kabeer Sultan Salah-UD-Deen Ayubi (rta) would never do that.

3) This proves the fact that, Sultan was himself a Sufi and Tareeqat was never considered polytheism in Islam before emergence of Wahhabism.

4) Establishing Maddrassa, school of Shafi’e School of Thought shows that all Muslims were and are Muqallads (Followers of any one of the Imams among 4 school of thoughts in Islam).

5) In another place in the same book its written that, he used to visit holy places as well as visited Shrine of Prophet Shuaib (alehisalatowasalam).

Thus visiting these places shows that previous Muslims also consider them worth to be visited for the sake of Allah’s blessings and was never considered polytheism until Ibnu Taymmia was the one who started this fever which is still been carried out by Khawarij al-Wahhabiyyah. And these are not new beliefs which were invented later.

The same kind of information is been given by another famous most Historian and Muhadith al Imam Shayban (aka) Ibne Aseer (rta) in his famous work Al-Tareekh al Kaamil Vol 9 – page 214-15 Published by Darul kitabul Arabi – Beirut Lebanon. 

(Events of 584 A. H (1188 A.C.) Al Bidaya Wan Nihaya – Tarikh Ibne Kathir Vol 16 Pages 593/94)


ابن کثیر لکھتےہیں:

اور صخرہ معظمہ کے اردگردسے سلطان نے بری چیزوں تصاویر اور صلیبوں کو ہٹا دیا، اور اسے مردار ہونے کےبعد پاک کیا اور اسے مستور ہونے کے بعد ظاہر کیا، اور فقیہ عیسیٰ الہکاری کوحکم دیا کہ وہ اس کے اردگرد آہنی کھڑکیاں بنائے اور اس کے لیئے تنخواہ دار امام مقرار کیا اور اس کے لیئے اچھی رسد جاری کی، اور اسی طرح اقصیٰ کے امام کا بھی ھال تھا اور اس نے شافعیہ کے لیئے ایک مدرسہ تعمیر کیا جسے الصلاحیہ کہاجاتا ہے اور الناصریہ بھی بتایا جاتا ہے اور اس کی جگہ ایک گرجا تھا ،جو حضرت مریم کی والدہ حنہ کی قبر پر تھا، اور اس نے صوفیاء کے لیئے ایک خانقاہ وقف کی جو التبرک کی تھی۔۔۔۔۔۔۔

یعنی معلوم ہوا کہ ابن تیمیہ کی پیدائش سے پہلے کے مسلمان سب کے سب مقلد بھی تھے اور صوفیاء بھی تھے، ان کو آجکل کے دور کی طرح کسی دیوبندی وہابی نے بریلوی نہیں کہا تھا۔ نہ ہی سلطان صلاح الدین نے تاریخی مقامات کو منہدم کیا۔ اسی التاریخ میں یہ بھی لکھا ہے کہ آپ نے سیدنا شعیب علیہ الصلوٰۃ والسلام کے روضہ مبارک کی بھی زیارت کی۔اب اگر زیارتِ مزارات حرام ہوتا تو کیا مجاہدِ اسلام سلطان صلاح الدین ایوبی رحمتہ اللہ علیہ جو کہ خود ایک صوفی بھی تھے وہ کیا یہ شرک کرتے؟ یہ سوال ہر ایک کے سوچنے کے لیئے ہے۔

قریباً یہی سب کچھ امام ابن اثیر کی مشہور الکامل فی التاریخ جسکو تاریخ ابن اثیر بھی کہا جاتا ہے اس کی جلد 9 صفحات 214 اور 215 طبع شدہ دار الکتاب العربی بیروت لبنان پر بھی موجود ہے 

حوالہ؛ البدایۃ والنہاٰیۃ ۔ للامام ابن کثیر ۔ جلد ۱۶ ص ۵۹۳، ۵۹۴.جز السادس عشر. طباعت. هجر للطباعۀ والنشر والتوزيع


امام ابن کثير په خپل تاريخ البدايه والنهايته کي لوستونکے دے

او..ګنبد صخره تر آړه غاړه سلطان هر بد شئے او صليبونه لري کړل، او پس له مردارئي ئي دغه ځائے پاک کړو،او دې مستورکيدو نه پس له ئي ظاهر کړ، او فقيه عيسي الهکاري له ئي حکم ورکړو چه دِ دغه څلور اطرافه دَ اوسپني کړکئ جوړئ کړئ شي اور دې له پاره ئي تنخواه دار امام هم مقرر کړو اور بيا ئي ورته خه رسد انتظام هم وکړ، هم دغه حال دَ مسجد اقصي امام له پاره هم وو.او هغئ يعني سلطان صلاح الدين ايوبي صاحب يوه شافعي مدرسه هم تعمير کړه چه څه ته الصلاحيه په نوم نوميګي او ورته الناصريه هم وئيلي کيږي .ځکه چه په دئ ځائ کښ به يوه ګرجا وا، چه کمه دې سيدتنا مريم عليه السلام دَ مور (حنه) په قبر باندے سازه وه.او سلطان صوفيائے کرامو له پاره يوه خانقاه هم وقف کړه.

ينعي معلوم دغه شوه چه دې ابن تيميه دَ پيدائش نه وړاندے اور دې ديوبندو و وهابيانو نوے اسلام نه وړاندے ټول مسلمانان مقلد هم وو او ورڅره ورڅره صوفيان هم وو. که صوفيان مشرکان وو يا تقليد حرام وو نو بيا به چرے هم مجاهد اسلام سلطان صلاح الدين ايوبي به دغه عمل نه کولو، نن وهابيان سنيانو ته تقليد په وجه کافر وائي اور صوفيانو ته مشرکان وائي حالانکه سلطان خپله هم صوفي وو. په هم دغه جلد ۱۶ کښ دا هم ليکلي شوي دي چه سلطان دې سيدنا شعيب عليه السلام مزار مبارک يعني روضه مبارکه لره زيارت له هم حاضر شوے وو. نو معلوم دا شوه چه زيارتونو لره تګ عين اجماع امت دے

دې سلطان صلاح الدين ايوبي رضي الله عنه تر هقله دغه قسم معلومات ده يو بل مشهور امام َ تاريخ او محدث امام ابن اثير هم په خپل مشهور تصنيف التاريخ الکامل جلد ۹ پانړه ۲۱۴،او ۲۱۵ ، چاپ دې دارالکتاب العربي بيروت لبنان کښ هم لوستونکي شوے دے چه دَ څه نه معلوميږي چه سلطان ِاعظم مجاهد اسلام صلاح الدين ايوبي نه صرف دا چه مقلد وو بلکه مشهور صوفي هم وو

حواله ؛ تاريخ ابن کثير، البدايۀ والنهايۀ، جلد ۱۶ پانړه ۵۹۳/۹۴، طباعت هجر للتوزيع والطباعۀ.جيزه

Research  Imran A. Malik

Pashto Translation and Rechecking  ZarbeHaq



Updated by ZarbeHaq: Tues.Feb. 24/2015 -9:25 PM

Although this information is already been given in another article but i found it worth to add this information here for further proof of our authenticity . In the end, the link is given to read that article in detail, here are few lines along with scans to proof that Sultan Saladin (rd) was also a Muqallad and Sufi.

Imam zDahbi writes in his famous work Tarikh al Islam wa Wafayat al Mashaheer wal a’laam, Darul Kitabal Arabi Beirut page 29 and 30  shows this fact which proves that:

Famous Mujahid of Islam Hadhrat Sultan Salahudeen Ayubi (rta), keep the foundations of the Fiqhi School of Thoughts. I.e, in Misr (Egypt), he built a Madrassa (School) for Fiqh al Maaliki and Fiqh al-Shaafi’ee (That means for the Muslims who use to follow the verdict of Imam Maalik (rd) and Imam Shafi’e (rd) in the matters of Sharia and rulings). That also means that it is well established fact now that Taqleed was and is the Important point of Islamic Sharia. But unfortunately today, the so called followers of Salaf-as-Saliheen use to deny this very fundamental belief of Islam and consider themselves more knowledgeable and more better Muslims than these mighty names of Islamic History.

In  vol 39 page 30 it is written clearly that he was following the Qadi of Misr Sadr-ud-deen Abdul-mulk bin Dirbaas. Which clearly means he was also Muqallad.


Update Ends. Link to the main Article

Updated: 11:30 PM Tues, 24, Feb 2015 

Some more scans regarding establishing schools (madrassas) of all four school of thoughts not only by Sultan Salah-UD-Deen Ayubi but also Sultan Nur-ud-deen Zangi and Asad-ud-deen Sherkoh etc. You will also find a reference about Mehfil (gathering of) Mawlid un Nabi alehisalatowasalam in that time.

Two versions:

Reference 1: Uyuon al Rawdathayin fi Akhbar al Dawlatayin al Nuriya wal Salahi’ya by Shahab-ud-Deen abdRehman bin Ismail al-Maqdisi (famous by) Abi Shama Vol 1. Published by Ministry of Culture – Ahya al Tiraas al Arabi Book 88 Egypt Pp 309 – 310

Reference 2: Kitab al Rawdatayin fi Akhbar al Dawalatayin Published by Darul Kutub al Ilmiya Beirut edition

(a) Proof of Celebrating Mawlid of Nabi alehisalatowasalam as Ijma e Ummah on Pp. 111/ 112.  

(b) Again on Pages 117 and 118 under year 66 Hijri, Madrassa of Malikiya and others were established in Egypt,

(c) Visiting to the Grave of famous Muhadith Imam Shafi’i (rd) by Assadu-deen is mentioned on page 38 of the same book.


Darul kutub Elmiyah version:

Proof of Mawlid Scan:

Proof of building Madrassa of Shafia and vice versa

Proof of visiting the Grave of Imam Shafi’e for Ziarah by Asad-ud-deen

This update ended here.

Updated: Mar -16 2015

حضرت سلطان نورالدین محمود زنگی رحمتہ اللہ تعالیٰ علیہ؛

ابن خلکان وغیرہ نے کہا کہ سلطان نورالدین محمودعمادالدین زنگی ایک عادل بادشاہ تھا۔ کنیت ابوالقاسم تھی۔ یہی وہ بادشاہ تھا جس نے زمین پر دارالحدیث بنانے کا سب سے پہلے شرف ملا ۔ اس نے بہت زیادہ کتابیں تصنیف کیں اور ہر نیک کام میں بڑھ چڑھ کر حصہ لینے والا تھا۔ مساجد اور دینی مدارس بلاد اسلامیہ میں تعمیر کیئے دینی علوم پھیلائے اور بہت سے اوقاف قائم کیئے اور دین کے جاننے اور پڑھنے پڑھانے والوں سے بہت محبت کرتا تھا۔ نیکی کمانے کا بڑا حریص تھا اور لڑائی میں ڈٹ جانے والا اور بہترین تیرانداز تھا صرف اپنی خاص ملک سے کھاتا ، پیتا، پہنتا اور صدقہ وخیرات کرتا تھا۔ یا پھر غنیمت میں سے جو حصہ ملتتا اس سے یہ کام سرانجام دیتا تھا۔ مال غنیمت میں سے اسقدر حصہ لتا تھا جتنا علماء کرام اس کا حصہ بتاتے ، کسی دوسرے پر زیادتی نہ کرتا اور جو چیز پہننی اللہ نے حرام کردی ہے۔ یعنی سونا، ریشم اور چاندی، ان میں سے کوئی چیز بھی نہ پہنتا۔ اس نے اپنی تمام حکومت میں شراب پینے اور اس کے لین دین پر پابندی لگادی تھی۔ عوام میں اس کی شہرت چھی ہوگئی اور اس کے انصاف کا چرچا مشرق و مغرب اور ہرجگہ پھیل گیا۔ شام کی تمام فصیلیں بنوائیں۔ حلب ، حمص، حماۃ اور دمشق وغیرہ میں قلعے تعمیر کیئے۔ شفاخانے بنوائے ان میں بہت بڑا ہسپتال دمشق میں تعمیر کروایا۔ اسے تمام مسلمانوں کے لیئے وقف کردیا۔ خواہ غنی ہو یا فقیر۔ اور ایک بہت بڑا مسافرخانہ مسلمان فقراء کے لیئے وقف کردیا۔ 11 شوال 569 ھ میں سلطان نے انتقال فرمایا اور دمشق شام کے قلعہ میں دفن کیا گیا۔ یہ مدرسہ سلطان نے خوامین کے پڑوس میں مغربی جانب احناف (حنفی المسلک) حضرات کے لیئے تعمیر کرایا تھا۔

آگے لکھتے ہیں؛ “آپ کی قبر پر مانگی دعا قبول ہوتی ہے۔

ابن حورانی نے کتاب “الاشارات الٰی اماکن الزیارات” میں سلطان کی ایک کرامت نقل کی ہے۔ اس کتاب میں زیارات سے مراد زیاراتِ دمشق ہیں۔ اور ظاہر ہے یہ ہے کہ ابن حورانی دسویں ہجری کے علماء میں سے تھے ۔ جیسا کہ “کشف الظنون” سے مفہوم ہوتا ہے۔ لکھتے ہیں کہ سلطان محمود زنگی کی قبر پر دعا مستحاب ہوتی ہے ۔ یہ بات اہل علم کے ہاں بہت مشہور ہے۔ حافظ محمد بن حسن صاحب “مجمع الاحباب” اور کمال دمیری نے “حیات الحیوان” اور صاحب “طبقات الحنفیہ” اور بصروی نے “فضائل سلطان” میں اسے ذکر کیا ہے۔ ہمارے شیخ جناب ابوالعباس طیبی فرمایا کرتےہیں کہ یقیناً یہ بات مجرب ہے ہم نے بارہا اس کا تجربہ بھی کیا ہے۔”۔

جامع کرامات الاوليا، امام نبهاني ، ص ۴۴۹/۴۵۰ مجلد ۲ مطبوعه مرکز اهلسنت هند


Hazrat Sultan Nur-ud-deen Mahmood Zangi (Rehmatullah tala aleh):

Ibne Khalqan etc said that Sultan Nur-ud-deen Mahmood Ammadud-deen Zangi was an equitable king. His kunniyah (name, famous by) was Abu’l Qaasim. He was such person (king) who was blessed to establish first Darul-ul-Hadith (School for teaching Hadith) on earth. He Waqf (Devoted, gifted endowment)  many books, and take every effort in every good cause more than others. He made Masajids, schools of religious teachings (maddrassahs) in Muslim Ummah and expand religious knowledge, and establish many Auqaafs and he love those who were involve in reading and teaching religious knowledges. Very fond of gaining goodness. Bravest in Fighting and was best of the shooters, used to spent only from his own wealth, he use to eat, wear, and doing sadaqah and khairat (charity), or he only use that income which he gets from Ghaneemat (reward / sum of share from capture), he use to fulfil these things through this way. He take only that much from maal-e-ghaneemat which was been told him by scholars, he never try to force upon anyone, and what Allah has prohibited in wearing (dress) such as gold, silk and silver, he never try to use them. He ban drinking of alcohol in his country as well as on its trade. People loved him because of his justice and moral qualities, and was famous in east and west and vise versa. He remake the fortress of  Sham (Syria), use to make fortress in Halb, Hams, Hamat, and Damascus. He also built hospitals, and among them one was in Damascus which was the biggest one and waqt that for every Muslim, either poor or rich. And he built a very big (musafirkhana) for poor Muslims and waqf it. He died on 11th of Shawal in 596 Hijri and was buried in the Fortress of Damascus Syria. This Madrassah was built in the neighbors of Khawameen on western side, for the Hanafis, constructed by his orders.

The supplications made on your grave are accepted:

Ibn al Hawrani has narrated one kiramah of Sultan in his book ‘Alisharat ila Amakinal Ziyarat”. In this book by ‘ziyarat’ he means mazars of damascus, and its fact that Ibn Hawrani was among the 10th hijri scholars. As stated from the meaning of “Kashf al Zunun”, writes: “dua – supplications near the grave of Sultan are usually accepted (mustahab) (means by Allah they are granted)”. This thing is very famous in the people of knowledge. Hafidh muhammad bin hassan narrated this in “majma ul ahbab” and Kamal dameeri in “hayatul haywan” and the writer of “Tabaqat al Hanafiyah” and Basarwi in ‘Fazail ‘l’ Sultan’. Our Sheikh Abu’l Abbas Tayyabi says:”that is true and we usually experienced this thing severl times [ie., accepting of dua] there'”.

[Jamay li Karamat el AuliyaImam Allama Muhammad Yusuf Nabhani] Page 449, 450, Vol 2 .Markaz e Ahlu Sunnat Barkat-e-Raza Gujrat India]

Important Note: Its important to remember that, Imam Yusuf al nabhani is writing this in the book which is been written about Friends of Allah i.e., Auliya Saints Sages. It proves that, famous Mujahid of Islam was also Sufi and Hanafi. This is another proof that each and every famous personality of Islam was either Sufi as well as Muqallad.


Update Ended.

Updated Sun.May 3 / 2015

Update end.

Updated: Mon.May 4. 2015 

Sultan Nur-ud-Din Zangi (rta) was also a Sufi and Saint among the 40 Abdals of Ummah, narrated through Imam al Yafiye in Rowz al Rayaheen reference. And another reference to Sultan al Mu’azam Salah-ud-deen Ayoubi as a Sufi and Pure Orthodox Sunni Muqallad Mulsim. 

[Badai al Zahur fi Waqai al Dahur – Maktaba Daral Baz, Makkah Mukaramah, Vol 1 Pps 240 / 243 ]

Update End

Updated: 6-July – 2015

Sultan Salah-ud-Deen Ayoubi (Rta) put foundation of Sunni Madaaris some of them are been mentioned in history books like this one.

1) Madrasa al Salahi’yata – Shafie Fiqh
) Madrasa al Hanafiya – Hanafi Fiqh
) Madrasa al-Mashad al Hussaini – Qahira egypt
) Madrasa al Faadhaliyah.
) Dar al Hadith al Kamaaliyah i.e. Madrasa e Kamiliyah Shafie
) Madrasa al Sa’li’hiyah – all Four Madahibs
) He also establish everywhere Khanqah’s for Sufis.

(pp230 to 258)

Again its evidence that Sultan-e-Muazzam was not only Muqallad but also Sufi Mujahid e Islam.

Forum Link  [Click Here]

Scans Folder Link Update: Nov 2016

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5 thoughts on “Sultan Salah-ud-Deen Ayyuobi a Sunni a Sufi (Ar/Ur/Pst/En)”

  1. Nearly every great Muslim from history was either a Sufi or approved of Tassawuf. Its a pity that the wahhabis have had so much success in portraying themselves as holding normative Islam.

  2. Every single righteous leader and scholar, every true mujahid, not the buffoons of today, but the peaceful and righteous men who ruled with honour and dignity were Sufi’s or approved of them. Only ignoramuses would be void of knowing this important part of our heritage.

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