Acts that invalidate fast and do not invalidate fast (Hanafi)


Acts that invalidate fast

1) Eating, drinking or having intercourse will result in the invalidation of the fast provided one was aware that he was fasting.      

» Raddul Mohtar 332/3

 2) Smoking a huqqah, cigar, cigarette or cheroot etc. will also invalidate the fast even if one assumes that the smoke has not reached the throat.

» Bahar-e-Shari’at, 117/5

3) If a fasting person puts something soluble like sugar etc. in his mouth and then swallows his saliva, his fast will become invalid.

» Bahar-e-Shari’at, 117/5

4) If gums bleed and blood goes down the throat and its taste is also felt (regardless of whether or not the amount of blood is equal to, more than or less than the saliva) the fast will become invalid in this case, but if the amount of blood is less than saliva and the taste of blood is not felt either, the fast will not become invalid.

» Durr-e-Mukhtaar 332/3

5) Swallowing the saliva or phlegm that is already in the mouth does not invalidate the fast, spitting the saliva every now and then is not necessary.                                         

 » Bahar-e-Shari’at, 117/5

6) Swallowing one or two drops of tear will not invalidate the fast, but swallowing many drops whose saltiness is felt in the whole mouth will result in the invalidation of the fast. The same ruling applies to sweat.                                                                    

» Fatawa Alamgiri 203/1

Vomiting whilst fasting

Sayyiduna Abu Hurairah has narrated that the Noble Prophet has said, ‘The fast of a person who vomits involuntarily in Ramadan will not break but if a person vomits deliberately it will break.’

 » Kanzul Ummaal 830/8 # 23184

Though involuntary mouthful vomiting will not invalidate the fast if one swallows even a chick-pea amount of it, the fast will become invalid. However, if the swallowed amount is less than the size of a chick-pea, the fast will not become invalid.

 » Durr-e-Mukhtaar 392/3


Acts that do not invalidate fast

1) Eating, drinking or having intercourse forgetfully will not invalidate the fast whether it is a Fard fast or a Nafl one.                                                                      

» Durr-e-Mukhtaar 365/3

2) Treating the heat of the body by placing a pierced horn over the area of pain, massaging oil or applying kohl (into eyes) will not invalidate the fast; even if one feels the taste of oil or kohl in throat or even if the colour of the ‘kohl’ appears in saliva.

 » Zauharatun Naiyyara 176/1

 3) Fast will not be invalid in case of feeling the coolness of the water inside the body after taking bath.

  » Fatawa Alamgiri 230/1

 4) The fast will not be invalid if water enters the ear or even if one pours it deliberately.                                             

 » Durr-e-Mukhtaar 367/3

5) If the gums bleed and the blood reaches the throat but does not go down the throat, fast will not be invalid in this case.

 » Fathul Qadeer 258/2

6) Being in the state of major impurity (when taking ritual bath is obligatory) or even spending the whole day in this impure state will not invalidate the fast.

» Durr-e-Mukhtaar 372/3

7) Fast will not be invalid in case of feeling outcome of sperm in the state of sleep during day time. But one should take ritual bath immediately as it becomes obligatory.

8) Swallowing the dried mucus of the nose by inhaling will not invalidate the fast.

» Raddul Mohtar 373/3

9) Swallowing saliva or phlegm of the mouth will not invalidate the fast.

» Raddul Mohtar 373/3

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