Rules of Fasting (Hanafi)

For whom fast is Fard? :

1) Like Salah, the fasts of Ramadan are also Fard for every such (male and female) Muslim who is sane and has reached puberty.

  » Durr-e-Mukhtaar 330/3

 2) Scholars have said, ‘When children reach the age of ten (10) and are healthy enough to fast they should be made to fast in Ramadan. If they do not fast despite being healthy enough to do so, they should be strictly made to fast even by beating. If they break it, they will not be ordered to make up for it (do Qadha), but if they break their Salah, they will be ordered to offer it again.’

 » Raddul Mohtar 390/3

Intention of fast :

1) The time of making the intention for Ramadan fasts, Nafl fasts and fasts of specified vows (Nazr-e-Mu’ayyan) starts after the sun has set and remains until the time of Shar’ai midday (Dahwa Kubra) begins. Therefore, if one makes intention anytime during this span, these fasts will be valid.                                                                       

» Raddul Mohtar 332/3

 2) The intention of heart (willingness in heart) is, in fact, a valid intention. To utter it verbally is not a condition but is preferable. If one makes the intention for a Ramadan fast at night, he should say:

 نَوَیتُ اَنْ اَصُوْ مَ غَدًا لِلّٰہِ تَعَالیٰ مِنْ فَرْضِ رَمَضان۔


Translation: I have intended to fast tomorrow as a Fard fast of Ramadan for Allah.                                                                            

 » Raddul Mohtar 332/3

 3) Eating Sahri is equivalent to making the intention regardless of whether it is the fast of Ramadan or any other fast.                                                                 

» Al Zau’haratun Naiyyarah 176/1

 4) It is necessary to make a new intention every day for each fast of Ramadan.

» Al Zau’haratun Naiyyarah 176/1

Du’a for Iftar :

اَللّٰھُمَّ لَکَ صُمْتُ وَعَلٰی رِزْقِکَ اَفْطَرْتُ۔


Translation: Ya Allah ! I fasted for You and did Iftar with sustenance given by You.

 » Sunan Abu Dawood 447/2 # 2358


  اَللّٰھُمَّ اِنِّیْ لَکَ صُمْتُ وَبِکَ اٰمَنْتُ وَعَلَیْکَ تَوَکَّلْتُ وَعَلٰی رِزْقِکَ اَفْطَرْتُ۔


Translation: Ya Allah ! I fasted for You and I have faith in You and I put my trust in You and I do Iftar with the sustenance given by You.

» Fatawa Alamgiri 200/1

 2 sayings of Rasulullah regarding fasting

1) Sayyiduna Abu Hurairah has narrated that the Beloved Prophet has said, ‘If someone doesn’t avoid indecent speech and acts, Allah doesn’t need such a person as he has just left eating and drinking.’

 » Sahih Bukhari 628/1 # 1903

 2) Sayyiduna Abu Hurairah has reported that the Holy Prophet has said, ‘The fast is like a shield unless it is torn.’ He was asked as to how the shield is torn, he replied ‘By lying or backbiting.’

 » At-Targheeb Wat’Tarheeb 94/2 # 3

Rulings regarding expiation :

In some cases, breaking a fast in Ramadan deliberately without a valid exemption will only make it Wajib to do Qadha but in some cases, it will make it necessary to pay expiation, in addition to making up for the broken fast.

 Method of paying expiation for fasting :

The expiation for breaking (invalidating) a fast is to keep 60 fasts consecutively. If this isn’t possible either, he will have to serve 60 Miskin people with lunch and dinner (such that they are full). It is necessary to serve both the meals to the same 60 people. If one wants, he can give one Sadaqah-e-Fitr (i.e. about 1.920 Kilograms wheat or money equivalent to its value) to each of the 60 different Miskin people, but he can’t give 60 Sadaqah-e-Fitr to the same person at once. However, he can give the same Miskin a separate Sadaqah-e-Fitr each day for 60 days.

 » Raddul Mohtar 390/3

To have  A Complete guidence to this Ramadan in the light of Quran And Sunnah

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