Sunnah Method of performing Ablution (Wuzu)
When you want to perform ablution, follow these steps -:
First of all make the intention of ablution and then say “Bismillla Hirrahma Nirrahim“and wash both hands upto the wrists.
● Then perform Miswak (clean teeth with a wooden stick).
● Then by using the right hand, gargle three times and wash the inside of the mouth, ensuring that the water reaches upto the throat and also all the gums and underneath the tongue. If there is anything stuck on or between the teeth, then release it.
● Then by using the right hand suck up the water in the nose until it reaches the bone and clean the insides of the nostrils by using the left hand thumb and little finger, three times.
● After this, take water into the cup of both hands and wash the whole of the face three times, from the start of the forehead where the hair begins to grow, down to and including the chin. Also from the right hand ear lobe to the left hand one, ensuring that no place is left dry. If you have a beard then also wash this and also run your
fingers through it. However, if you are wearing an Ehraam then don’t run your fingers through the hair.
● Wash both arms upto and including the elbows three times. Washing the right arm first three times, then the left arm three times.
● Then perform Masah once, meaning join the fingertips of both hands together leaving out the index fingers and the thumbs on both hands. Then run water on these six fingers and then brush them over the hair, starting from the forehead and ending at the back of the neck. This is done once, ensuring that the palms of the hands and the
index fingers and thumbs do not touch the head. Now bring fourth the hands by using the palms and rubbing them at either side of the head. Then clean the inside of the ears by using the index fingers and the back of the ears using the thumbs. Now wash the back of the neck by rubbing the back of the hands on either side of the neck, but
ensure that the hands do not go on the throat as this would be Makrooh (disliked).
● Then wash the right foot, from the toes upto and including the ankles, three times. The perform the same three times for the left foot. Ensure that you wash between the toes.
● The ablution (Wuzu) is complete and so pray this Dua,
● ‘Allahummajaini Minattawwabeena Wajaini Minal Mutatahhireen’
Then take the water and stand up and drink some, as this is cure for the illnesses. Then look towards the sky and pray; ‘Subhanaka Allahumma Wa Behamdika Ashhadu An La ilaha illa Anta Astagfiruka Wa Atoobo ilaik’Also pray the Kalima Shahaadat and Sura Inna Anzalna. It is also better if you pray Bismilla and the Durood Sharif when washing every part, also pray Kalima Shahaadat.
● The above is the method of performing Ablution. Out of these some actions are obligatory and if they were missed the ablution would not count. Some aspects are Sunnat and to miss deliberately would be an act of punishment. Some aspects are Mustahhab and to miss them would mean a reduction in reward.
Obligatory aspects of ablution (Wuzu)
There are four point in ablution that are obligatory.
To wash the face . Meaning from the beginning of the forehead where hair starts growing upto the
bottom of the chin. Also from one ear to the other ear. To ensure that the skin of the face is washed
once leaving no part dry.
1. To wash both hands upto and including the elbows once.
2. To perform Masah of one quarter of the head. Meaning to run wet hands over a quarter of the head and at least so that the hair gets wet slightly.
3. To wash both feet upto the ankles once.
4. The above four aspects are obligatory in ablution. Except for these, whatever methods have been reported are either Sunnat or Mustahhab. There are many Sunnats and Mustahabs in ablution and if you would like to know these in detail, then consult larger books such as ‘Bahar-e-Shariat’ or ‘Fatawa-e Razvia’.
● Rule:To wash the skin above and below the lips, nails, eyes, the hair on eyelashes, eyebrows, the skin underneath jewellery and even the hole pierced in the nose, the skin underneath the moustache hair and beard hair and every part or every part in the four parts mentioned is obligatory. If a pinpoint of it was left dry then the ablution will not count.
● Rule:It is obligatory to perform ablution for Namaz, Sijdah-e-Tilawat or touching the Quran and it is necessary (Wajib) to perform ablution to perform Tawaf.
● Makroohats (dislikes) of ablution
Meaning the aspects that should not be done in ablution.
1) To perform ablution with .the leftover water of ablution or bath performed by a female.
2) To spill water on a dirty place.
3) To perform ablution inside the mosque.
4) To spill used ablution water back into the bucket that contains the ablution water.
5) To spit out water or mucus etc. towards Qibla.
6. To waste water unnecessary.
7. To use so little water so that all or some of the Sunnats would be missed.
8. To wash the face with one hand.
9. To throw water on the face.
10. To let ablution water drops on clothing or inside the mosque.
11. To miss any Sunnat of ablution.
12. Aspects that break the Ablution
Excretion of stools
To break wind from behind
For worms or stones to be excreted from the front or rear
For the leaking of semen water or sperm.
For blood, puss to be released and for it to flow from it’s position.
For a mouthful of vomiting of food or water, or a slight amount of vomit of blood.
To become insane or to pass out.
To be drunk or lost in control so much that the feet stagger.
Except for the Namaz-e-Janaaza, to laugh so loud that the person standing next to you can hear you.
To go to sleep.
Mubashart-e-Fahisha (meaning, for a man to touch a woman’s private parts with his erected penis with lust or to touch another man’s private parts with his erected penis, or for a woman to touch another woman’s private parts with her private parts without a cloth in between these parts.
In all the above situations the ablution (Wuzu) will break.
Rule:If water is released from a hurting eye or puss that is released will break the Wuzu, and it is also an impurity and therefore if it touches an item of clothing, then it is necessary to clean.
Rule:To laugh in Namaz that only you hear it yourself and no-one near you hears the laughter or voice then the Wuzu has not broken, however, the Namaz will break.
Rule:If you smile in Namaz so that only your teeth show but no voice whatsoever is heard then neither the Wuzu or Namaz will break.
Rule:Whatever moisture that leaves a man’s body but does not break the Wuzu is not an impurity. For example the blood that stays in it’s position or vomit that is not a mouthful are all clean.
Rule:Saliva, spittle, sweat and dirt are not impurities and therefore clean (Pak). If these items are stuck on the body or clothing, then the Namaz will count but you should have them cleaned as this is better.
Rule:The tears that come out due to crying do not break the Wuzu nor are they an impurity.
Rule:By showing your knees or body, or to look at your own or someone else’s body or touch someone’s body does not break the Wuzu.
Rule:If a milk drinking child vomited and if it is a mouthful then it is an impurity. If it touches something and is more than a Dirham (approx, size of a fifty pence piece) then it will make it impure. If the milk had not gone all the way in the stomach but had come back out from the throat then it is clean.
Rule:Whilst in the middle of performing Wuzu it breaks then perform the Wuzu again, and if the water that is held in the palm of the hand and you release wind then this water is useless and do not use it to wash any parts.